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Chinese History - Jin Empire Arts

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Painting and calligraphy, the highest artistic expressions of the Chinese scholar, were also popular among the Jin Dynasty literati. The most famous Jin painter is Wang Tingyun 王庭筠 who adopted the style of the famous Song Dynasty painters. There is only one Wang Tingyun painting surviving: Youzhu kucha tu 幽竹枯槎圖. Other Jin period painters are Wu Yuanzhi 武元直 (Chibi tujuan 赤壁圖卷), Zhang Yu 張瑀, Yang Wei 楊微, Wu Kuan 無款, etc. Jin painters motifs are often horses of the Jurchen homeland. Besides Wang Tingyun, we find Dang Huaiying 黨懷英 as one of the few Jin calligraphers.
Sculpture is a topic of art that was also exerted during Jin Dynasty, expecially in the monasteries of Cixiang 慈相寺 (Pingyaoxian 平遙縣/Shanxi), Foguang 佛光寺 (Wutaixian 五臺縣/Shanxi) and Shanhua 善化寺 (Datong/Shanxi). From imperial and private tombs, many stone carvings in the shape of officials, warriors and fantasy animals of "soul paths" are preserved, or iron cast figures like the lion of a tomb in Shijiazhuang 石家莊/Hebei. Probably the most famous architectural object of the Jin Dynasty is the Lugou Bridge 盧溝橋 "Marco Polo Bridge" near Beijing.

2000 ff. © Ulrich Theobald · Mail

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