The state of Beilu 卑陸 was located at the new northern route of the Silk Road, in the area of modern Fukang 阜康, Xinjiang. The proper Beilu was reigned from the city of Qiandang (or Gandang) 乾當, Rear Beilu (Beilu houguo 卑陸後國) from the valley of Panqulei 番渠類. Beilu had a population of 1,300 persons during the Former Han period 前漢 (206 BCE-8 CE), Rear Beilu was inhabited by 1,100 persons. The king of Beilu was aided by a Marquis Supporting the State (fuguohou 輔國侯), two generals, two Commanders-in-chief (duwei 都尉) and two chief translators (yizhang 譯長). The ruler of Rear Beilu was aided by a Marquis Supporting the State, a Commander-in-chief, a chief translator and two generals. Beilu was part of the Protectorate of the Western Territories (Xiyu duhufu 西域都護府) of the Han empire. In the 3rd century CE Beilu was conquered by Rear Cheshi 車師後部.