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Yugong shuoduan 禹貢說斷


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Overview of the rivers mentioned in the Yugong. Click to enlarge.
The nine branches of the lower course of the Yellow River. Click to enlarge.
The three tributary rivers to the Yangtze in its lower course. Click to enlarge.
The nine rivers in the middle course of the Yangtze River. Click to enlarge.
The Yugong shuoduan 禹貢說斷 "Analysis of Explanations to the Tribute of Yu" is a commentary to the Yugong 禹貢, a chapter of the Confucian Classic Shangshu 尚書, written by the Song period 宋 (960-1279) scholar Fu Yin 傅寅, courtesy name Fu Tongshu 傅同叔, style Xingxi xiansheng 杏溪先生. He came from Yiwu 義烏, Zhejiang, and was an astronomer, geographer, poet, and an expert in many aspects of state administration, but never obtained a state office.
In the bibliography Tieqintongjianlou cangshu mulu 鐵琴銅劍樓藏書目錄 by Qu Yong 瞿鏞 there is only a 2 juan "scrolls" long book mentioned that has the title Yugong jijie 禹貢集解 "Collected explanations to the Tribute of ". Qu Yong says that this book includes a preface by Qiao Xingjian 喬行簡 and begins with four maps, first an overview (Yugong shanchuan zonghui zhi tu 禹貢山川總會之圖), then the nine branches of the Yellow River (Jiuhe 九河, which are, according to the gloss book Erya 爾雅, called Tuhai 徒駭, Taishi 太史, Majia 馬頰, Fufu 覆釜, Husu 胡蘇, Jian 簡, Xie 絜, Goupan 鈎盤, and Lijin 鬲津), the three branches of the Yangtze River (Sanjiang 三江, namely Wusong 吳松江, Qiantang 錢唐江 and Puyang 浦陽江 according to Wei Zhao 韋昭, or Songjiang 松江, Loujiang 婁江 and Dongjiang 東江, according to the book Wudiji 吳地記), and the nine rivers (Jiujiang 九江, namely Wubai 烏白江, Bangjiang 蚌江, Wujiang 烏江, Jiami 嘉靡江, Moujiang 畎江, Yuanjiang 源江, Leijiang 累江, Tijiang 提江 and Junjiang 箘江 according to the book Xunyang diji 潯陽地記; or Sanli 三里江, Wuzhou 五州江, Jiami 嘉靡江, Wutu 烏土江, Baibang 白蚌江, Baiwu 白烏江, Junjiang 箘江, Shati 沙提江 and Linjiang 廪江 according to Zhang Xuyuan's 張須元 Yuanjiangtu 緣江圖), and that the preface mentioned an alternative title to the book, Shangshu zhujia shuoduan 尚書諸家說斷. A Song period copy (in a revised Yuan period 元, 1279-1368, version) of this book is owned by the Beijing Library 北京圖書館. It has the title Yugong zhujia shuoduan 禹貢諸家說斷. The version in the Ming period 明 (1368-1644) encyclopedia Yongle dadian 永樂大典 abbreviates this title to Yugong shuoduan, while the collectaneum Tongzhitang jingjie 通志堂經解 makes use of the title Yugong jijie. Both titles seem not to correspond to the original. During the eighteenth century the parts quoted in the Yongle dadian were compiled to a 4 juan long book with the present title.
Besides collecting older commentaries to the Yugong, Fu Yin adds his own interpretations. A statement in the book Mengzi 孟子, for instance, about the connection of the rivers Ru 汝 and Han 漢 with the rivers Huai 淮 and Si 泗 is interpreted as ancient scholarly projects of canal construction that were never realized.
Except the above-mentioned versions, there are also versions of the Yugong shuoduan to be found in the collectanea Mohai jinhu 墨海金壺, Shoushange congshu 守山閣叢書, Jingyuan 經苑 and Jinhua congshu 金華叢書.


Source: Li Xueqin 李學勤, Lü Wenyu 呂文鬰 (ed. 1996), Siku da cidian 四庫大辭典 (Changchun: Jilin daxue chubanshe), Vol. 1, p. 116.

December 21, 2013 © Ulrich Theobald · Mail
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