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Guochao hanxue shicheng ji 國朝漢學師承記

Aug 8, 2019 © Ulrich Theobald

Hanxue shicheng ji 漢學師承記, full title Guochao hanxue shicheng ji 國朝漢學師承記 "A history of Han text scholars of Our Dynasty", is a book on Confucian learning compiled by the Qing-period 清 (1644-1911) scholar Jiang Fan 江藩 (1761-1831), courtesy name Ziping 子屏, style Zhengtang 鄭堂, who also wrote the books Lijingwen 隸經文 and Xu lijing wen 續隸經文.

The 8-juan long Hanxue shicheng ji is a collection of biographies of 57 (40 persons in the main text, and 17 in an appendix) Confucian scholars from the beginning of the Qing to the Jiaqing reign-period 嘉慶 (1796-1820). The biographies list facts of their lives, their teachings and disciples, as well as their writings. Most of the scholars belonged to the so-called Qian-Jia school (Qian-Jia xuepai 乾嘉學派) of philological studies, like Yan Ruoqu 閻若璩 (1636-1704) and Hu Wei 胡渭 (1633-1714), but there are also early forerunners of them like Huang Zongxi 黄宗羲 (1610-1695) and Gu Yanwu 顧炎武 (1613-1682). The representatives of the Qian-Jia School are divided into the Zhejiang School (Wupai 吳派) and the Anhui School (Wanpai 皖派) which both "promoted the teachings of the Han-period Confucians and despised the Neo-Confucians from the Song period" (yang Han yi Song 揚漢抑宋).

The appendix Guochao jingshi jingyi mulu 國朝經師經義目錄 lists important writings of the philological school and imitates Lu Deming's 陸德明 (c. 550-630) list Zhuanzhu xingshi 傳注姓氏 in his book Jingdian shiwen 經典釋文.

The Hanxue shicheng ji was first printed in 1818. In 1936 the Worldbook Company 世界書局 in Shanghai published a combined version of this book, the texts Songxue yuanyuan ji 宋學淵源記 (on the origins of Neo-Confucianism, written by Jiang Fan) and Qing xue'an xiaoshi 清學案小識 (brief history of Qing philosophy, written by Tang Jian 唐鑒). A modern edition was published in 1983 by the Zhonghua Book Company 中華書局, with notes by Zhong Zhe 鐘哲. Fang Dongshu 方東澍wrote a critical comment on Jiang's book called Hanxue shangdui 漢學商兌.

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