Gaotang Sheng 高堂生 (not Gao Tangsheng!), courtesy name Bo 伯, was a Confucian scholar of the Former Han period 前漢 (206 BCE-8 CE). He hailed from Lu 魯 (today's Qufu 曲阜, Shandong) and was an expert in the ritual Classics. Gaotang is credited with the transmission of the 17-chapters long book Yili 儀禮. One of his disciples was Xiao Duo 蕭奮 from Xiaqiu 瑕丘 (today's Yanzhou 兖州, Shandong), who in turn instructed Dai De 戴德 (Dai Senior).
His posthumous title is Marquis Zhuang 壯侯.
Zhao Jihui 趙吉惠, Guo Hou'an 郭厚安, ed. (1988). Zhongguo ruxue cidian 中國儒學辭典 (Shenyang: Liaoning renmin chubanshe), 14.
Zhuang Hanxin 莊漢新, Guo Juyuan 郭居園, ed. (1991). Zhongguo gujin mingren cidian 中國古今名人大辭典 (Beijing: JIngguan jiaoyu chubanshe), 606.
Feng Kezheng 馮克正, Fu Qingsheng 傅慶升, ed. (1996). Zhuzi baijia da cidian 諸子百家大辭典 (Shenyang: Liaoning renmin chubanshe), 43.
On the family name, see Chen Mingyuan 陳明遠, Wang Zonghu 汪宗虎, ed. (1987). Zhongguo xingshi daquan 中國姓氏大全 (Beijing: Beijing chubanshe), 92.
Murong Yi 慕蓉翊, ed. (1985). Zhongguo gujin xingshi cidian 中國古今姓氏辭典 (Ha'erbin: Heilongjiang renmin chubanshe), 58.