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Mingshanzang 名山藏

Jul 11, 2010 © Ulrich Theobald

Mingshanzang 名山藏 "Storehouse of Mt. Mingshan" is a privately written history of the early and high Ming period 明, compiled in a biographical style (jizhuanti 紀傳體). The author is He Qiaoyuan 何喬遠 (1558-1632), courtesy name Chixiao 樨孝, style Feiwo 匪莪, Yinju Jingshan 隱居鏡山 or Jingshan Xiansheng 鏡山先生.

The biographies and treatises of the Mingshanzang are arranged in 37 different typological categories (ji 記). The book was compiled in a time when the Ming dynasty experienced her "Indian summer" and was therefore only conceptualized as an overview for the general reader interested in the dynasty and the people shaping her.

The Mingshanzang was printed in 1640 with a length of 106 juan "scrolls". A facsimile has been published in 1993 by the Beijing daxue press 北京大學出版社.

Zhou Huaqi 齊周華 (1698-1767), courtesy name Qiruo 漆若, style Jushan 巨山, compiled a collection meant to be a supplement to He's book and called "copy" Mingshanzang fuben 名山藏副本 or "first collection of the copy" Mingshanzang fuben chuji 名山藏副本初集. It is a kind of local gazetteer of "famous mountains" (ming shan) and is not related to He Qiaoyuan's history book.

Table 1. Contents of the Mingshanzang 名山藏
1.-29. 典謨記 Dianmo Emperors
30.-32. 坤則記 Kunze Empresses
33.-34. 開聖記 Kaisheng
35. 繼體記 Jiti
36.-40. 分藩記 Fenfan Local administration
41.-42. 勳封記 Xunfeng
43.-45. 天因記 Tianyin
46.-47. 輿地記 Yudi Geography
48. 刑法記 Xingfa Penal law
49. 河漕記 Hezao River transport
50. 漕運記 Zaoyun Transport on the Grand Canal
51. 錢法記 Qianfa Monetary policy
52. 兵制記 Bingzhi Military
53. 馬政記 Mazheng Horse administration
54. 茶馬記 Cha-ma Tea-horse trade
55. 鹽法記 Yanfa Salt tax
56.-83., 86. 臣林記 Chenlin Ministers
84.-85. 儒林記 Rulin Literati
87. 俘賢記 Fuxian Hidden worthies
88. 宦者記 Huanzhe Eunuchs
89.-90. 列女記 Lienü Eminent females
91.-94. 臣林雜記 Chenlin zaji Ministers, miscellaneous
95. 宦者雜記 Huanzhe zaji Eunuchs, miscellaneous
96. 高道記 Gaodao Monks
97. 本士記 Benshi
98.-99. 本行記 Benxing xxx
100. 藝妙記 Yimiao Literature
101. 貨殖記 Huozhi Commerce
102. 方技記 Fangji Magicians
103.-104. 方外記 Fangwai Foreign countries
105.-109. 王享記 Wang Xiang
Sources:
Qian Maowei 錢茂偉 (1992). "Wan-Ming shijia He Qiaoyuan ji qi Mingshanzang chutan 晚明史家何喬遠及其《名山藏》初探", Fujian luntan (Wen-shi-zhe ban) 福建論壇(文史哲版), 1992 (4).
Wang Zhaoming 王兆明, Fu Langyun 傅朗云, ed. (1991). Zhonghua gu wenxian da cidian 中華古文獻大辭典, Vol. Dili 地理卷 (Changchun: Jilin wenshi chubanshe), 143.
Wu Feng 吳楓, ed. (1987). Jianming Zhongguo guji cidian 簡明中國古籍辭典 (Changchun: Jilin wenshi chubanshe), 348.
Xie Guozhen 謝國楨, Wei Zuhui 韋祖輝 (1992), "Mingshanzang 名山藏", in Zhongguo da baike quanshu 中國大百科全書, Zhongguo lishi 中國歷史 (Beijing/Shanghai: Zhongguo da baike quanshu chubanshe), Vol. 2, p. 662.
Xu Sanjian 徐三見 (1989). "Qing Qi Zhouhua Mingshancang fuben chuke ben yu Minguo kanben 清齊周華《名山藏副本》初刻本與民國刊本", Wenxian 文獻, 1989 (10).
Zhang Xiaosong 張曉松 (2002). "Lüelun He Qiaoyuan Mingshanzang zhong renwu zhuanji de tese 略論何喬遠《名山藏》中人物傳記的特色", Zhangzhou Shifan Xueyuan xuebao (Zhexue shehui kexue ban) 漳州師範學院學報(哲學社會科學版), 2002 (6).
Zhou Caiyuan 周采泉 (1981). "Mingshancang fuben he zuozhe Qi Zhouhua qiren qishi 《名山藏副本》和作者齊周華其人其事", Hangzhou Daxue xuebao (Zhexue shehui kexue ban) 杭州大學學報(哲學社會科學版), 1981 (5).
Zhou Weizhou 周偉洲, Ding Jingtai 丁景泰, ed. (2006). Sichou zhi lu da cidian 絲綢之路大辭典 (Xi'an: Shaanxi renmin chubanshe), 776.