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Ping Qian jilüe 平黔紀略

Feb 6, 2016 © Ulrich Theobald

Ping Qian jilüe 平黔紀略 "Concise report on the pacification of Guizhou" is a book on the rebellion of Miao 苗 tribes in Guizhou between 1854 and 1873. It was written by Luo Wenbin 羅文彬 and Wang Bing'en 王秉恩, finished in 1879, but first published in 1919, but based on original sources from the time.

In the 1850s, many native tribes in southwest China used the turmoils of the Taiping Rebellion to make themselves free of Chinese dominance. The rebellion started in Zunyi 遵義, Guizhou, and spread over the whole province. The Qing 清 (1644-1911) court, occupied with the war against the Taiping kingdom, had greatest problems to reach the southwestern provinces, but after the defeat of the Taiping in 1864 military forces were thrown against the Miao tribes.

The book is an important source for the study of southwest China during the late Qing period, but must he read with care, as there are also misinterpretations included. It is part of the reprint series Qiannan congshu 黔南叢書 (1938).

Sources:
Guizhou baike quanshu bianji weiyuanhui 《貴州百科全書》編輯委員會, ed. (2005). Guizhou baike quanshu 貴州百科全書 (Beijing: Zhongguo da baike quanshu chubanshe), 180.
Luo Ergang 羅爾綱 (1988). "Ping Qian jilüe xu 《平黔紀略》序", Jindaishi yanjiu 近代史研究, 1988 (6).
Weng Jialie 翁家烈 (1999). "Ju Ping Qian jilüe suo zai qianlun Qian dongnan Miaozu qiyi 據《平黔紀略》所載淺論黔東南苗族起義", Guizhou minzu yanjiu 貴州民族研究, 1999 (11).
Wu Feng 吳楓, ed. (1987). Jianming Zhongguo guji cidian 簡明中國古籍辭典 (Changchun: Jilin wenshi chubanshe), 176.