An Encyclopaedia on Chinese History, Literature and Art

Pingyao shulüe 平猺述略

Feb 6, 2016 © Ulrich Theobald

Pingyao shulüe 平猺述略 or Pingding yaofei jilüe 平定猺匪紀略 "Concise report on the suppression of the Yao bandits" is an account of the suppression of rebellions of native tribes in southwest China during the early nineteenth century. It was written by Zhou Cunyi 周存義 (also called Zhou Yiting 周宜亭) and Chen Kongzhang 陳孔章.

The 2-juan long book was finished in 1833. The first fascicle describes the customs and habits of the native Yao 猺 (today written 瑤) tribes of Hubei and Guangdong. In 1831 the chieftain Zhao Jinlong 趙金隴 rose in rebellion against the Qing 清 (1644-1911) government. Governor-general (zongdu 總督) of Hu-Guang 湖廣, Lu Kun 盧坤, was entrusted with the suppression. The provincial commander (tidu 提督) of Hunan, Hailingga 海陵阿, died on the way to the front. Lu Kun thereupon ordered the riverine fleet of Changde 常德 and Banner cavalry of Hubei to march against the Miao border. The provincial commander of Hubei, Luo Siju 羅思舉, was killed during the battle against Zhao Jinlong, but the rebellion was ended.

The second fascicle of the book is dedicated to the rebellion of Zhao Ziqing 趙子清, chieftain of the Yao tribes in Lianzhou 連州, Guangdong, who rebelled in 1832. His defeat was mainly due to a bad tactic that dispersed his troops. The authors themselves participated in the first campaign and were therefore familiar with many details. They made use of memorials and imperial edicts and quotes from these. This gives his book a semi-official character.

The book was published as a printed manuscript, yet only in pocket format (jinxiang ben 巾箱本) and as appendix to the book Kanjing jiaofei shubian 戡靖教匪述編, a report on the White Lotus rebellion.

Wu Feng 吳楓, ed. (1987). Jianming Zhongguo guji cidian 簡明中國古籍辭典 (Changchun: Jilin wenshi chubanshe), 177.