The book of 16 juan is arranged chronologically and groups Confucian thinkers according to their relation to teachers and schools. The book looks like a list rather than a history because it only notes the names, disciples and writings of thinkers, but no concrete issues of their teachings. Individual thinkers who cannot be linked with a certain school are found in an appendix. Wang's intention when writing this book was to appease the strife between "traditional" Confucians and Neo-Confucians that had lasted for centuries. At the end of the Ming period the difference between their teachings ceased to be of intellectual importance. With his book Wan Sitong contributed to the end of their quarrels.