An Encyclopaedia on Chinese History, Literature and Art

Xixia shushi 西夏書事

Sep 7, 2011 © Ulrich Theobald

Xixia shushi 西夏書事 "Affairs of the Western Xia Dynasty written down" is a history of the Western Xia empire 西夏 (1038-1227) written by the Qing-period 清 (1644-1911) historian Wu Guangcheng 吳廣成 xxx, courtesy name Xizhai 西齋.

The 42-juan long book is written in the style of annals. It begins in 881 and ends in 1231. The structure imitates that of the famous history Tongjian gangmu 通鑒綱目 by Zhu Xi 朱熹 (1130-1200). The official dynastic histories serve as the great guidelines (gang 綱), while other histories and sources, like the various continuations of the Zizhi tongjian 資治通鑒 and the Tongjian gangmu, unofficial histories, memorials and edicts or private literature, serve as the "meshes" (mu 目). It is especially the latter part of the book that contains a lot of material not to be found in the popular histories.

Unfortunately, Wu Guangcheng does not indicate his concrete sources, so that it is not easy to reckon the origin of numerous passages. The book was printed in 1825 by the Xiaoxianshanfang Studio 小峴山房 and reprinted as a facsimile in 1935 by the Wenkui Studio 文奎堂 in Beiping (Beijing).

Gao Wende 高文德, ed. (1995). Zhongguo shaoshu minzu shi da cidian 中國少數民族史大辭典 (Changchun: Jilin jiaoyu chubanshe), 705.
Li Xueqin 李學勤, Lü Wenyu 呂文鬰, ed. (1996). Siku da cidian 四庫大辭典 (Changchun: Jilin daxue chubanshe), Vol. 1, 903.
Wu Feng 吳楓, ed. (1987). Jianming Zhongguo guji cidian 簡明中國古籍辭典 (Changchun: Jilin wenshi chubanshe), 302.