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Zizhi tongjian qianbian 資治通鑒前編


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The Zizhi tongjian qianbian 資治通鑒前編 "Past Supplement to the Comprehensive Mirror to Aid in Government" is a chronicle written by the Southern Song period 南宋 (1127-1279) scholar Jin Lüxiang 金履祥 (1232-1303). The 18 juan "scrolls" long book was written as a supplement to Sima Guang's 司馬光 chronicle Zizhi tongjian 資治通鑒 that only begins in the year 403 BCE. Jin Lüxiang held a post in the imperial archives. His writings are vast and include not only historiographic books, but also commentaries to the Confucian Four Books 四書, like the Daxue zhangju zhuyi 大學章句疏義, Lunyu-Mengzi jizhu kaozheng 論語孟子集注考證, or Lianluo fengya 濂洛風雅. His collected works are the Renshan ji 仁山集. In 1264 the completed his Tongjian qianbian. It was written as a better alternative to Liu Shu's 劉恕 Tongjian waiji 通鑒外紀, for which the Confucian classics had not been used as sources. Jin, instead, made not only use of non-canonical sources, like the historical writings and the various treatises, but also of classics, like the Shangshu 尚書 "Book of Documents", the Shijing 詩經 "Book of Songs", and the Chunqiu 春秋 "Spring and Autumn Annals". Following the examples of philosophically inspired histories, like Shao Yong's 邵雍 Huangji jingshi 皇極經世 or Hu Hong's 胡宏 Huangwang daji 皇王大紀, Jin Lüxiang combed through various Confucian Classics in order to write a history of China's age of antiquity, to be posed chronologically before the beginning of the Zizhi tongjian in the year 403 BCE. Jin Lüxiang arranged the material in chronological order and added his comments to the historical facts, which should serve as a guideline to the reader, what to learn from history. This pattern should go back to the Zizhi tongjian and tried to avoid a purely theoretical interpretation of history, as Zhu Xi 朱熹 had done it in his Tongjian gangmu 通鑒綱目. The Tongjian qianbian covers the time from the mythological emperors Yao 堯 and Shun 舜 until the year, when Sima Guang's Zizhi tongjian sets in.
The oldest surviving print dates from the Yuan period 元 (1279-1368). Other prints are that of Liu Hongyi 劉弘毅 from the Ming period 明 (1368-1644), with phonetic comments, a print from the Qianlong reign 乾隆 (1735-1795), a print from the Hanjing Studio 含經堂, that by Wu Mianxue 吳勉學 and Wu Zhongheng 吳中珩, and the Luyou 路有 print. The Tongjian qianbian is included in the collectanea Tongjian gangmu quanshu 通鑒綱目全書, Siku quanshu 四庫全書, and Jinrenshan congshu 金仁山叢書.


Source: Li Xueqin 李學勤, Lü Wenyu 呂文鬰 (ed. 1996), Siku da cidian 四庫大辭典 (Changchun: Jilin daxue chubanshe), Vol. 1, p. 893.

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September 16, 2010 © Ulrich Theobald · Mail
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