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Zhoushi 籀史


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Zhoushi 籀史 "History of the Large Seal Script" is a treatise on Chinese characters written by the Song period 宋 (960-1279) scholar Zhai Qinian 翟耆年, courtesy name Zhai Boshou 翟伯壽, style Huanghe shanren 黃鶴山人. He was a son of the politician Zhai Ruwen 翟汝文 and has compiled a catalogue of the book collection of Wang Ruzao 汪如藻. The Zhoushi must have been written in the early Southern Song period. It was originally 2 juan "scrolls" long, but was lost except one scroll of a copy that was oney the Cao Rong 曹溶. The attempts by the Qing period 清 (1644-1911) scholar Wang Shizhen 王士禎 to reconstruct the second juan failed.
Zhai's book is a treatise about the ancient large seal script (zhouwen 籀文) that was often seen in bronze and stone inscriptions the collection of which became fashionable during the Song period. It records characters and phrases explains these and is so the first book specialized on this topic. Xue Shanggong's 薛尚功 book Lidai zhong ding yi qi kuanshi fatie 歷代鍾鼎彝器款識法帖 was based on this research and has a much wider space, but is not as detailed as Zhai Xinian's book.
The Zhoushi is included in the collectanea Siku quanshu 四庫全書, Congshu jicheng 叢書集成 and Jingyuan congshu 靜園叢書.

Source: Li Xueqin 李學勤, Lü Wenyu 呂文鬰 (ed. 1996), Siku da cidian 四庫大辭典 (Changchun: Jilin daxue chubanshe), Vol. 1, p. 1503.

October 6, 2013 © Ulrich Theobald · Mail
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