An Encyclopaedia on Chinese History, Literature and Art

Ping Qian sanji 平黔三記

Jun 11, 2019 © Ulrich Theobald

Ping Qian sanji 平黔三記 "Three accounts on the pacification of Yunnan" is an anonymous collection of reports on three military campaigns against local tribes in southwest China during the Ming period 明 (1368-1644). At that time the region was called Qianzhong 黔中, while Qian 黔 has been from the Qing period 清 (1644-1911) on the common term for the province of Guizhou).

The three wars were Fu Youde's 傅友德 (1327-1394) campaign in 1386 to root out the last adherents and supporters of the Mongol Prince Baǰalawarmi (d. 1382), Wang Ji's 王驥 (1378-1460) wars in Luchuan 麓川 between 1439 and 1448, and Lü Guangxun's 呂光洵 (1518-1580) campaign to put down rebellion in Wuding 武定. The name of the author is not known, but the texts ends with the remark that a certain Diancang Shanren 點蒼山人 wrote it in his Yuping Jingshe Studio 玉屏精舍 in 1570.

The transmitted text has two prefaces, one written by Zhang Yuanbian 張元忭 (1538-1588), the other by Wu Lian 鄔璉 (1520-1593). It seems that the text is not written in a straightforward meaning, because of political reasons. The book catalogue Qianqingtang shumu 千頃堂書目 and the bibliographic chapter of the official dynastic history Mingshi (96-99 Yiwen zhi 藝文志) attribute authorship to Zhao Ruqian 趙汝謙, which is not improbable.

Siku quanshu zongmu tiyao 四庫全書總目提要, 53.