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Qingxi kougui 青溪寇軌

May 25, 2019 © Ulrich Theobald

Qingxi kougui 青溪寇軌 "The bandits from Qingxi" is a chronicle written by the Song-period 宋 (960-1279) scholar Fang Shao 方勺 (1066-1142), courtesy name Rensheng 仁聲, style Bozhai Cunweng 泊宅村翁, from Wuzhou 婺州 (today's Jinhua 金華, Zhejiang). The short book was originally a chapter of Fang's book Bozhaibian 泊宅編 and describes the rebellion of Fang La 方臘 (d. 1121) during the Xuanhe reign-period 宣和 (1119-1125) as well as its suppression by the Song troops under the command of Tong Guan 童貫 (1054-1126).

In many points, Fang's chronicle deviates from the official narrative in the dynastic history Songshi 宋史. In its shape in the series Xuehai leibian 學海類編, the Qingxi kougui is enriched by two appendices (ze 則), namely the story of Fang La's rebellion in Hong Mai's 洪邁 (1123-1202) text Rongzhai yishi 容齋逸史, and an anonymous text on the basics of Manichaeism (mingjiao 明), a religion practiced by some of the rebels. The second appendix originates quite probably from Zhuang Jiyu's 莊季裕 book Jilebian 雞肋編.

The Qingxi kougui is also found in the series Jinhua congshu 金華叢書 and the Wanwei Shantang 宛委山堂 edition of the collection Shuofu 說郛.

Sources:
Wang Songling 王松齡, ed. (1991). Shiyong Zhongguo lishi zhishi cidian 實用中國歷史知識辭典 (Changchun: Jilin wenshi chubanshe), 720.
Wu Feng 吳楓 (ed. 1987), Jianming Zhongguo guji cidian 簡明中國古籍辭典 (Changchun: Jilin wenshi chubanshe), p. 464.