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Songci sanbai shou 宋詞三百首

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Songci sanbai shou 宋詞三百首 "Three hundred ci poems from the Song period" is an anthology of about 300 exemplarious Song period 宋 (960-1279) ci poems 詞. The anthology was compiled by Zhu Zumou 朱祖謀 (1857-1931), courtesy name Zhu Xiaozang 朱孝臧, Zhu Xiaowei 朱古微 or Zhu Huosheng 朱藿生, style Ouyin 謳尹 or Shangjiangcunmin 上彊村民 (also Shangqiangcunmin 上強村民), a name under which the Songci sanbai shou was published. He came from Huzhou 湖州, Zhejiang, and served as Vice Minister of Rites (libu shilang 禮部侍郎) before he retired to a private life in Suzhou 蘇州, Jiangsu. He loved writing poems and compiled a lot of collections of poems, like Qiangcun yucong 強村語叢 or Qiangcun congshu 強村叢書, in which he assembled ci poems from the Tang 唐 (618-907), Five Dynasties 五代 (907-960), Song, Jin 金 (1115-1234) and Yuan 元 (1279-1368) periods. His Songci sanbai shou includes actually only 283 poems of 97 writers. The collection was intended to present the most prestigious and typical poems of that period of time and neglected poems with vernacular senses. The collection is rated better than the Cizong 詞綜 of Zhu Yizun 朱彝尊 for the quality of the selected poems, and as presenting a wider range of authors and themes than the collection Cixuan 詞選 by Zhang Huiyan 張惠言 and Zhang Qi 張琦. Some critics say that there are too many poems included by Wu Wenying 吳文英 and Zhou Bangchang 周邦彥, while other important authors like Su Shi 蘇軾 or Xin Qiji 辛棄疾 have been neglected. The collection begins with poems written by emperors and then goes on to poems of normal persons, arranged chronologically. The book was finished in 1924 and printed at that time. Tang Guizhang 唐圭璋 later added a commentary that is included in the 1931 edition by the Shenzhou guoguang press 神州國光社. In 1958 the Xinmin press 新民出版社出 and the Zhonghua press 中華書局 published the first modern editions. The Shanghai guji press 上海古籍出版社 published a modern edition in 1979.

Source: Li Xueqin 李學勤, Lü Wenyu 呂文鬰 (ed. 1996), Siku da cidian 四庫大辭典 (Changchun: Jilin daxue chubanshe), Vol. 2, p. 2983.

July 3, 2010 © Ulrich Theobald · Mail
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