An Encyclopaedia on Chinese History and Literature

Taiping yuefu 太平樂府

Feb 28, 2023 © Ulrich Theobald

Taiping yuefu 太平樂府, full title Chaoye xinsheng taiping yuefu 朝野新聲太平樂府, is an anthology of aria-style poems (sanqu 散曲) compiled by Yang Chaoying 楊朝英 during the Yuan period. Yang also wrote a much smaller anthology, Yangchun baixue 陽春白雪. Both collections are knowns as "the two anthologies of Master Yang" (Yangshi er xuan 楊氏二選).

The collection of 9 juan length is divided into two parts, the first of which includes "single stanzas" (xiaoling 小令), and the second one "suites" (taoshu 套數). Apart from anonymous pieces, the collection includes poems of 85 (actually just 81) authors, with 1,062 xiaoling, and 141 taoshu. Quite a few of these pieces are not included in earlier collections, for example, poems of Zhang Yanghao 張養浩 (1270-1329), Qiao Ji 喬吉 (1280-1345), Zhong Jixian 鐘繼先, Sui Jingchen 睢景臣 (c. 1264-c. 1330) or Zhu Deqing 周德清 (1277-1365). Yang's collection is very reliable and thus an important source for Yuan-period poems.

There is an annotated edition by Lu Qian 盧前, published in 1955 by the Wenxue Guji Kanxingshe 文學古籍刊行社, and one by Sui Shusen 隋樹森, published in 1958 by the Zhonghua Shuju Press 中華書局.

All editions include a treatise on contemporary sound and pronunciation, Zhongzhou yuefu yinyun leibian 中州樂府音韻類編 (also called Beiqiong yunlei 北腔韻類) by Zhuo Congzhi 卓從之.

The book is included in the series Sibu congkan 四部叢刊.

Li Bingzhong 李秉忠, Wei Canjin 衛燦金, Lin Conglong 林從龍, eds. (1990). Jianming wenshi zhishi cidian 簡明文史知識詞典 (Xi'an: Shaanxi renmin chubanshe), 590.
Men Kui 門巋, Xu Xianglin 許祥麟 (1997). "Taiping yuefu 太平樂府", in Men Kui 門巋, Zhang Yanjin 張燕瑾, eds. Zhonghua guocui da cidian 中華國粹大辭典 (Xianggang: Guoji wenhua chuban gongsi), 660.
Shi Xuanyuan 施宣圓 et al., eds. (1987). Zhongguo wenhua cidian 中國文化辭典 (Shanghai: Shanghai shehui kexueyuan chubanshe), 71.
Wu Feng 吳楓, ed. (1987). Jianming Zhongguo guji cidian 簡明中國古籍辭典 (Shenyang: Jilin wenshi chubanshe), 105.
Wu Feng 吳楓, ed. (1994). Zhonghua gu wenxian da cidian 中華古文獻大辭典, Vol. Wenxue 文學卷 (Changchun: Jilin wenshi chubanshe), 661.
Zhongguo baike da cidian bianweihui 《中國百科大辭典》編委會, ed. (1990). Zhongguo baike da cidian 中國百科大辭典 (Beijing: Huaxia chubanshe), 548.