An Encyclopaedia on Chinese History and Literature

Zhongzhou quanyun 中州全韻

Jan 9, 2011 © Ulrich Theobald

Zhongzhou quanyun 中州全韻 "Complete rhymes of the central provinces" is a short dictionary compiled by the late Ming period 明 (1368-1644) scholar Fan Shanqin 范善溱 (early 17th cent.). The book, written at the end of the Ming, is based on the Yuan period 元 (1279-1368) rhyme dictionary Zhongyuan yinyun 中原音韻 and was written as a kind of supplement to it. The words are divided into 19 rhyme groups, which are identical to that in the Zhongyuan yinyun, but different from those indicated in the official dynastic history Zhoushu 周書 (chapter ?). A difference to the Zhongyuan yinyun, and also to the Ming period dictionary Zhongzhou yinyun 中州音韻, is the fact that the falling tone rhymes (qusheng 去聲) are also divided into syllables with voiced and voicless initials. The indication of the pronunciation according to the fanqie system 反切 is identical to that in the Zhongzhou yinyun. It can be seen that in the vernacular language during the Ming period, the difference between voiced (yang 陽) and voiceless (yin 陰) level tone (pingsheng 平聲) initials still existed.
It is not known if there were any contemporary prints, but there was, according to Zhong Yintang's 趙蔭棠 researches, a manuscript version in the academy library of Kong De 孔德.

Li Xueqin 李學勤, Lü Wenyu 呂文鬰 (1996). Siku da cidian 四庫大辭典, vol. 1, p. 773. Changchun: Jilin daxue chubanshe.