An Encyclopaedia on Chinese History and Literature

Jinshu 晉書

Jul 11, 2010 © Ulrich Theobald

Jinshu 晉書 "Book of the Jin" is the official dynastic history (zhengshi 正史) of the Jin dynasty 晉 (265-420). A such was long overdue when the 130-juan long Jinshu was finished in 648.

Already during the second half of the Jin period, the Eastern Jin 東晉 (317-420), historiographers had compiled histories of the Western Jin period 西晉 (265-316; see Table 1). Including all the histories of the Jin dynasty that were written during the Southern and Northern dynasties period 南北朝 (300~600), the early Tang period 唐 (618-907) archives stored 18 histories of the Jin dynasty. All of these books, except Zang Rongxu's 臧榮緒 (415–488) Jinshu, did not include annals of the Eastern Jin period or only covered a few decades of it. In 646 therefore, Emperor Taizong 唐太宗 (r. 626–649) of the Tang dynasty decreed the compilation of an official dynastic history of the Jin.

The compilation team was quite large. It was headed by Fang Xuanling 房玄齡 (579–648) and Chu Suiliang 褚遂良 (596–658), and the final redaction was organized by Linghu Defen 令狐德棻 (583–666). The main primary source for the Tang-made Jinshu was Zang Rongxu's Jinshu, but also the other histories of the Jin were made useful, as well as quite a few literary sources, like the collection Shishuo xinyu 世說新語, Gan Bao's 干寶 Soushenji 搜神記, and the Shiliuguo chunqiu 十六國春秋, the annals of the Sixteen States 五胡十六國 (300~430) in the north of China.

The Jinshi consists of 10 imperial annals-biography (diji 帝紀), 20 treatises (zhi 志), 70 normal and collective biographies (liezhuan 列傳), and 30 biographies of independent houses (zaiji 載記) for the rulers of the "barbarian" dynasties in the north. These parallel empires posed a great problem for historians as they are polities existing synchronously to the "legally" ruling dynasty that do not deserve own official histories because they were "rebels" or "usurpers", and because they were "barbarians".

The problem was solved in the same manner as in the first of official histories, the Shiji 史記 by Sima Qian 司馬遷: He had created a special type of biography for the regional rulers called shijia 世家 "hereditary house of...". In the Jinshu, these dynastic histories were written as biographies, like that of Liu Yuanhai 劉元海 (Liu Yuan 劉淵, r. 304–309) and his sons Liu He 劉和 (r. 309) and Liu Xuan 劉宣 (Jinshu 101), of Liu Cong 劉聰 (r. 309–317), his son Liu Can 劉粲 (r. 317), and Chen Yuanda 陳元達 (Jinshu 102), and of Liu Yao 劉曜 (r. 318–329; Jinshu 103), which were the rulers of the Former Zhao Dynasty 前趙 (304–329) and their closest supporters.

Two persons were surprisingly not granted such a special biography, namely Zhang Gui 張軌 (chapter 86), founder of the Former Liang dynasty 前涼 (314-376), and Li Xiansheng 李玄盛 (Li Gao 李暠), founder of the Western Liang 西涼 (400-421; chapter 87). The reason for this might be that the two were Chinese, while the zaiji category was reserved for "barbarian" founders of states (while the Chinese Feng Ba 馮跋, ruler of the Northern Yan 北燕, 409-436, is found in chapter 125).

The treatises include reports on astronomy (11-13 Tianwen zhi 天文志), administrative geography (14-15 Dili zhi 地理志), musical tuning and calendar (16-18 Lüli zhi 律曆志), state rituals (19-21 Li zhi 禮志), court music (22-23 Yue zhiZhiguan zhi 職官志), state coaches and court robes (25 Yufu zhi 輿服志), food and commerce (26 Shihuo zhi 食貨志), the Five Agents (27-29 Wuxing zhi 五行志), and the penal law (30 Xingfa zhi 刑法志).

The personal biographies (liezhuan) do not simply tell the history of the particular persons but also include a great deal of their literary works that have been preserved in this way and otherwise would have been lost, for instance, Ji Kang's 嵇康 discussion on a ruler's altruistic attitude (49).

The biographic chapters include collective biographies on the imperial consorts (31-32 Houfei liezhuan 后妃列傳), the imperial house (37 Zongshi liezhuan 宗室列傳, 38, 53, 59, 64, 87), persons of filial and friendly conduct (88 Xiaoyou liezhuan 孝友列傳), such of loyal conduct (89 忠義列傳), benevolent officials (90 Liangli liezhuan 良吏列傳), Confucian scholars (91 Rulin liezhuan 儒林列傳), writers (92 Wenyuan liezhuan 文苑列傳), kinsmen of imperial consorts (93 Waiqi liezhuan 外戚列傳), scholars living in seclusion (94 Yinyi liezhuan 隱逸列傳), magicians and diviners (95 Yishu liezhuan 藝術列傳), outstanding women (96 Lienü liezhuan 列女列傳), and the "barbarians" of the four directions (97 Siyi liezhuan 四夷列傳).

Rebels and obstreperous subjects are placed at the end of biographies (98-100).

In comparison with the Shiji and Hanshu, where biographies are much more individual, those of the Jinshu can already be seen as short histories of families (genealogies). The biography of the writer and philosopher Fu Xuan 傅玄 (47), for instance, also includes that of his sons Fu Xian 傅咸 and Fu Fu 傅敷, the younger brother of Xian's paternal uncle, Fu Zhi 傅祗, and the latter's sons Fu Xuan 傅宣 and Fu Chang 傅暢; that of the calligrapher Wang Xizhi 王羲之 (80) his sons Wang Xuanzhi 王玄之, Wang Ningzhi 王凝之 and Wang Huizhi 王徽之, and the latter's sons Wang Zhenzhi 王楨之, Wang Caozhi 王操之 and Wang Xianzhi 王獻之.

The first historical critique of China, Liu Zhiji's 劉知幾 Shitong 史通, criticised the Jinshu for having neglected the difference between phantastic tales or anecdotes as taken from the Soushenji and Shishuo xinyu, and real history. In his eyes—and that of many other scholars—the Jinshu did not deserve to be incorporated into the official dynastic histories.

After the compilation of the Jinshu as the official dynastic history of the Jin period, all other histories of the Jin were eclipsed by this standard history and were only "rediscovered" by Qing period 清 (1644-1911) scholars. Unfortunately many of these older Jinshu are only preserved in fragments. They were collected and published under the title Jiujia jiu Jinshu 九家舊晉書 "The nine old histories of the Jin dynasty" by Tang Qiu 湯球 (1804-1881) and republished in the Commercial Press 商務印書館 in 1936. Tang Qiu also collected fragments of other histories on the Jin period that are assembled in a series of series. Some of these were biographically arranged, others as chronicles.

Table 1. The series Jiujia jiu Jinshu 九家舊晉書
(Qing) 湯球 Tang Qiu (comp.)
1920 edition of Guangya Shuju 廣雅書局; 1936 edition of Shangwu Yinshuguan 商務印書館
書名, length in juan Title Author(s)
晉書輯本 Jinshu jiben
晉書 十七卷
補遺 一卷
(110) (Southern Qi) 臧榮緒 Zang Rongxu
晉書 十一卷 Jinshu (86/93) (Jin) 王隱 Wang Yin
晉書 一卷 Jinshu (26/44) (Jin) 虞預 Yu Yu
晉書 一卷 Jinshu (10-14) (Jin) 朱鳳 Zhu Feng
晉書 一卷 Jinshu (36) (Liu-Song) 謝靈運 Xie Lingyun
晉書 一卷 Jinshu (11/102) (Liang) 蕭子雲 Xiao Ziyun
晉史草 一卷 Jinshicao (30) (Liang) 蕭子顯 Xiao Zixian
晉書 一卷 Jinshu (111) (Liang) 沈約 Shen Yue
晉中興書 七卷 Jin zhongxing shu (78) (Liu-Song) 何法盛 He Fasheng
晉諸公別傳 一卷 Jin zhugong bielu (?) () NN
晉紀輯本 Jinji jiben
晉紀 一卷 Jinji (23) (Jin) 干寶 Gan Bao
晉紀 一卷 Jinji (4) (Jin) 陸機 Lu Ji
惠帝起居注 一卷 Huidi qijuzhu (2/4?) (Jin) 陸機 Lu Ji
晉紀 一卷 Jinji (10) (Jin) 曹嘉之 Cao Jiazhi
晉紀 一卷 Jinji (11) (Jin) 鄧粲 Deng Can
晉紀 一卷 Jinji (23) (Liu-Song) 劉謙之 Liu Qianzhi
晉紀 一卷 Jinji (?) (Liu-Song) 裴松之 Pei Songzhi
晉陽秋輯本 Jinyang qiu jiben
晉陽秋 三卷 Jinyang qiu (32) (Jin) 孫盛 Sun Sheng
續晉陽秋 一卷 Xu Jinyang qiu (20) (Liu-Song) 檀道鸞 Tan Daoluan
漢晉春秋輯本 Han-Jin chunqiu jiben
漢晉春秋 一卷 Han-Jin chunqiu (47) (Jin) 習鑿齒 Xi Zaochi
晉春秋 一卷 Jin chunqiu (20) (Tang) 杜延業 Du Yanye
Numbers in brackets refer to the original size (different statements). Source: Shanghai tushuguan 1982, Vol. 1, 243, as part of the Guangya shuju congshu 廣雅書局叢書.

The commentary to the bibliographic chapter Jingji zhi 經籍志 in the dynastic history Suishu 隋書 explains that Liang period 梁 (502-557) catalogues also included a 7-juan long book Jinshu written by Zheng Zhong 鄭忠, and a text of the same size called Dongjin xinshu 東晉新書 "New book of the Eastern Jin", written by Yu Xian 庾銑. These two were already lost at that time, along with Shen Yue's 沈約 Jinshu. The list of chronicles on the Jin period includes furthermore Wang Shaozhi's 王韶之 Jinji 晉紀 (10 juan), Xu Guang's 徐廣 Jinji (45 juan) and Guo Jichan's 郭季產 Xujinji 續晉紀 (5 juan; in Jiutangshu 舊唐書 and Xintangshu 新唐書 called Jinxuji 晉續記).

The bibliographic chapter in the Jiutangshu lists a 130-juan long Jinshu written by Xu Jingzong 許敬宗 and others, and a further chronicle by Deng Can 鄧粲 (besides his Jinji), the 22-juan long Jinyang chunqiu 晉陽春秋. A 5-juan long text called Jinlu 晉錄 is listed in the Xintangshu bibliography and that of the Tongzhi 通志. The latter also lists a Jinshu, written by Gan Bao, and Xun Chuo's 荀綽 Jin houlüe 晉後略 (5 juan).

Table 2. Chapters of the Jinshu 晉書
1.-10. 帝紀 Diji Imperial annals-biography 1-10
1. 1 高祖宣帝懿 Emperor Gaozu Xuandi [Sima] Yi
2. 2 世宗景帝師 Emperor Shizu Jingsi [Sima] Shi and 太祖文帝昭 Emperor Taizu Wendi [Sima] Zhao
3. 3 世祖武帝炎 Emperor Shizu Wudi [Sima] Yan (r. 265-289)
4. 4 孝惠帝衷 Emperor Xiaohuidi [Sima] Zhong (r. 290-306)
5. 5 孝懷帝熾 Emperor Xiaohuaidi [Sima] Chi (r. 306-312) and 孝愍帝鄴 Emperor Xiaomindi [Sima] Ye (r. 313-316)
6. 6 中宗元帝睿 Emperor Zhongzong Yuandi [Sima] Rui (r. 317-322) and 肅宗明帝紹 Emperor Suzong Mingdi [Sima] Shao (r. 322-325)
7. 7 顯宗成帝衍 Emperor Xianzong Chengdi [Sima] Yan (r. 325-342) and 康帝岳 Emperor Kangdi [Sima] Yue (r. 342-344)
8. 8 孝宗穆帝聃 Emperor Xiaozong Mudi [Sima] Dan (r. 344-361), 哀帝丕 Emperor Aidi [Sima] Pi (r. 361-365), and 廢帝海西公奕 The Deposed Emperor, the Duke of Haixi, [Sima] Yi (r. 365-370)
9. 9 太宗簡文帝昱 Emperor Taizong Jianwendi [Sima] Yu (r. 371-372) and 孝武帝曜 Emperor Xiaowudi [Sima] Yao (r. 372-396)
10. 10 安帝德宗 Emperor Andi [Sima] Dezong (r. 396-418) and 恭帝德文 Emperor Gongdi [Sima] Dewen (r. 418-420)
11.-30. 志 Zhi Treatises 1-20
11-13. 1-3 天文 Astronomy 1-3
14.-15. 4-5 地理 Geography 1-2
16.-18. 6-8 律曆 Pitch pipes and the calendar 1-3
19.-21. 9-11 禮 Rites 1-3
22.-23. 12-13 樂 Ritual music 1-2
24. 14 職官 State offices
25. 15 輿服 Chariots and robes
26. 16 食貨 Food and commodities
27.-29. 17-19 五行 The Five Agents 1-3
30. 20 刑法 The penal law
31.-100. 列傳 Liezhuan Individual and Collective Biographies
31.-32. 1-2 后妃 Houfei Empresses and consorts 1-2
33. 3 Wang Xiang 王祥 [Wang Lan 王覽], Zheng Chong 鄭沖, He Ceng 何曾 [He Shao 何劭, He Zun 何遵, He Song 何嵩, He Sui 何綏, He Ji 何機, He Xian 何羨], Shi Bao 石苞 [Shi Chong 石崇], Ouyang Jian 歐陽建 [Ouyang Shuo 歐陽鑠]
34. 4 Yang Hu 羊祜, Du Yu 杜預 [Du Xi 杜錫]
35. 5 Chen Jian 陳騫 [Chen Yu 陳輿], Pei Xiu 裴秀 [Pei Wei 裴頠, Pei Kai 裴楷, Pei Xian 裴憲]
36. 6 Wei Guan 衛瓘 [Wei Heng 衛恒, Wei Zao 衛璪, Wei Jie 衛玠, Wei Zhan 衛展], Zhang Hua 張華 [Zhang Yi 張禕, Zhang Wei 張韙], Liu Bian 劉卞
37. 7 宗室 Zongshi The imperial house [Sima Fu, Prince Xian of Anping 安平獻王孚 (), Sima Quan, Prince Mu of Pengcheng 彭城穆王權 (), Sima Tai, Prince Wenxian of Gaomi 高密文獻王泰 (), Sima Sui, Prince Kang of Fansui 范陽康王綏 (), Sima Sui, Prince Hui of Jinan 濟南惠王遂, Sima Xun, Prince Gang of Qiao 譙剛王遜 (), Sima Mu, Prince of Gaoyang 高陽王睦, Sima Ling, Prince Jing of Rencheng 任城景王陵 (Sima Shun 弟順)]
38. 8 宣五王 The five sons of Emperor Xuan [Sima Gan, Prince of Pingyuan 平原王榦, Sima Zhou, Prince of Langya 琅邪王伷 (Sima Jin 子覲, Sima Dan 覲弟澹, Sima Yao 澹弟繇, Sima Cui 繇弟漼), Sima Jing, Township Marquis of Qinghui 清惠亭侯京, Sima Jun, Prince of Fufeng 扶風王駿 (Sima Chang 子暢, Sima Xin 暢弟歆), and Sima Chen (?), Prince of Liang 梁王肜], 文六王 the six sons of Emperor Wen [Sima You, Prince of Qi 齊王攸 (Sima Rui 子蕤, Sima Zan 蕤弟贊, Sima Shi 贊弟寔), Sima Zhao, Prince of Chengyang 城陽王兆, Sima Dingguo, Prince of Liaodong 遼東王定國, Sima Guangde, Prince of Guanghan 廣漢王廣德, Sima Jian, Prince of Anale 樂安王鑒, and Sima Yanzuo, Prince of Leping 樂平王延祚]
39. 9 Wang Shen 王沈 [Wang Jun 王浚], Xun Yi 荀顗, Xun Xu 荀勖 [Xun Fan 荀藩, Xun Sui 荀邃, Xun Kai 荀闓, Xun Zu 荀組, Xun Yi 荀奕], Feng Dan 馮紞
40. 10 Jia Chong 賈充 [Jia Mi 賈謐, Jia Hun 賈混, Jia Mo 賈模, Guo Zhang 郭彰], Yang Jun 楊駿 [Yang Yao 楊珧, Yang Ji 楊濟]
41. 11 Wei Shu 魏舒, Li Xi 李憙, Liu Shi 劉寔 [Liu Zhi 劉智], Gao Guang 高光 [Gao Tao 高韜]
42. 12 Wang Hun 王渾 [Wang Ji 王濟], Wang Jun 王濬, Tan Bin 唐彬
43. 13 Shan Tao 山濤 [Shan Jian 山簡, Shan Xia 山遐], Wang Rong 王戎 [Wang Yan 王衍, Wang Xuan 王玄, Wang Cheng 王澄, Guo Shu 郭舒], Le Guang 樂廣
44. 14 Zheng Mao 鄭袤 [Zheng Mo 鄭默, Zheng Qiu 鄭球], Li Ying 李胤, Lu Qin 盧欽 [Lu Fu 盧浮, Lu Ting 盧珽, Lu Zhi 盧志, Lu Chen 盧諶], Hua Biao 華表 [Hua Yi 華廙, Hua Heng 華恒, Hua Jiao 華嶠], Shi Jian 石鑒, Wen Xian 溫羨
45. 15 Liu Yi 劉毅 [Liu Dun 劉暾, Cheng Wei 程衛], He Jiao 和嶠, Wu Hai 武陔 [Wu Mao 武茂], Ren Kai 任愷 [Ren Han 任罕], Cui Hong 崔洪, Guo Yi 郭奕, Hou Shiguang 侯史光, He Pan 何攀
46. 16 Liu Song 劉頌, Li Zhong 李重
47. 17 Fu Xuan 傅玄 [Fu Xian 傅咸, Fu Fu 傅敷, Fu Zhi 傅祗, Fu Xuan 傅宣, Fu Chang 傅暢]
48. 18 Xiang Xiong 向雄, Duan Zhuo 段灼, Yan Zan 閻纘 [Yan Heng 閻亨]
49. 19 Ruan Ji 阮籍 [Ruan Xian 阮咸, Ruan Zhan 阮瞻, Ruan Fu 阮孚, Ruan You 阮脩, Ruan Fang 阮放, Ruan Yu 阮裕], Kang Ji 嵇康, Xiang Xiu 向秀, Liu Ling 劉伶, Xie Kun 謝鯤, Humu Fuzhi 胡毋輔之 [Humu Qianzhi 胡毋謙之], Bi Zhuo 畢卓, Wang Ni 王尼, Yang Man 羊曼 [Yang Dan 羊聃], Guang Yi 光逸
50. 20 Cao Zhi 曹志, Yu Jun 庾峻 [Yu Min 庾珉, Yu Ai 庾敳], Guo Xiang 郭象, Yu Chun 庾純 [Yu Fu 庾旉], Qiu Xiu 秦秀
51. 21 Huangfu Mi 皇甫謐 [Huangfu Fanghui 皇甫方回], Zhi Yu 摯虞, Shu Xi 束皙, Wang Jie 王接
52. 22 Xi Xian 郤詵, Ruan Zhong 阮种, Hua Tan 華譚 [Yuan Fu 袁甫]
53. 23 Prince Minhuai 愍懷太子 [子虨, 子臧, 子尚]
54. 24 Lu Ji 陸機 [Lu Cheng 陸拯], Lu Yun 陸雲 [Lu Dan 陸耽, Lu Xi 陸喜]
55. 25 Xiahou Zhan 夏侯湛 [Xiahou Chun 夏侯淳, Xiahou Cheng 夏侯承], Pan Yue 潘岳 [Pan Ni 潘尼], Zhang Zai 張載 [Zhang Xie 張協, Zhang Kang 張亢]
56. 26 Jiang Tong 江統 [Jiang Bin 江虨, Jiang Dun 江惇], Sun Chu 孫楚 [Sun Tong 孫統, Sun Chuo 孫綽]
57. 27 Luo Xian 羅憲 [Luo Shang 羅尚], Teng You 滕脩, Ma Long 馬隆 [Ma Xian 馬咸], Hu Fen 胡奮 [Hu Lie 胡烈], Tao Huang 陶璜, Wu Yan 吾彥, Zhang Guang 張光, Zhao You 趙誘
58. 28 Zhou Chu 周處 [Zhou Qi 周玘, Zhou Xie 周勰, Zhou Zha 周札, Zhou Yan 周莚], Zhou Fang 周訪 [Zhou Fu 周撫, Zhou Chu 周楚, Zhou Qiong 周瓊, Zhou Hu 周虓, Zhou Guang 周光, Zhou Zhongsun 周仲孫]
59. 29 Sima Liang, Prince of Runan 汝南王亮 [Sima Cui 粹, Sima Qu 矩, Sima You 祐, Sima Yang 羕, Sima Zong 宗, Sima Xi 熙], Sima Wei, Prince of Chu 楚王瑋, Sima Lun, Prince of Zhao 趙王倫, Sima Jiong, Prince of Qi 齊王冏 [Zheng Fang 鄭方], Sima Yi, Prince of Changsha 長沙王乂, Sima Ying, Prince of Chengdu 成都王潁, Sima Yong, Prince of Hexian 河間王顒, Sima Yue, Prince of Donghai 東海王越
60. 30 Jie Xi 解系 [Jie Jie 解結, Jie Yu 解育], Sun Qi 孫旂, Meng Guan 孟觀, Qian Xiu 牽秀, Liao Bo 繆播 [Liao Ying 繆胤], Huangfu Zhong 皇甫重, Zhang Fu 張輔, Li Han 李含, Zhang Fang 張方, Yan Ding 閻鼎, Suo Jing 索靖 [Suo Lin 索綝], Jia Xu 賈疋
61. 31 Zhou Jun 周浚 [Zhou Song 周嵩, Zhou Mo 周謨, Zhou Fu 周馥], Chenggong Jian 成公簡, Gou Xi 苟晞, Hua Yi 華軼, Liu Qiao 劉喬 [Liu Dan 劉耽, Liu Liu 劉柳]
62. 32 Liu Kun 劉琨 [Liu Qun 劉群, Liu Yu 劉輿, Liu Yan 劉演], Zu Ti 祖逖 [Zu Na 祖納]
63. 33 Shao Xu 邵續, Li Qu 李矩, Duan Pidi 段匹磾, Wei Jun 魏浚 [Wei Gai 魏該], Guo Mo 郭默
64. 34 武十三王 The Thirteen sons of Emperor Wu [Sima Gui, Prince Dao of Piling 毗陵悼王軌, Sima Jian, Prince Xian of Qin 秦獻王柬, Sima Jing, Prince Huai of Chengyang 城陽懷王景, Sima Zhi, Prince Chong of Donghai 東海沖王袛, Sima Yu, Prince Ai of Shiping 始平哀王裕, Sima Yun, Prince Zhongzhuang of Huainan 淮南忠壯王允, Sima Yan, Prince Ai of Dai 代哀王演, Sima Gai, Prince of Xindu 新都王該, Sima Xia, Prince Kang of Qinghe 清河康王遐 [Sima Tan 覃, Sima Yue 籥, Sima Quan 銓, Sima Duan 端], Sima Mo, Prince Ai of Ruyin 汝陰哀王謨, Sima Yan, Prince Jing of Wu 吳敬王晏, Sima Hui, Prince Shang of Bohai 渤海殤王恢]
The four sons of Emperor Yuan 元四王 [Sima Pou, Prince Xiao of Langya 琅琊孝王裒, Sima Chong, Prince Ai of Donghai 東海哀王沖, Sima Xi, Prince Wei of Wuling 武陵威王晞 [Sima Feng {玉+逢}, Sima Zun 遵], Sima Huan, Prince Dao of Langya 琅邪悼王煥
The three sons of Emperor Jian 簡文三子: Sima Shi, Prince Si of Guiji 會稽思世 [Sima Daosheng 道生], Sima Yu, Prince Xian of Linchuan 臨川獻王郁, Sima Daozi, Prince Wenxiao of Guiji 會稽文孝王道子 [Sima Yuanxian 元顯]]
65. 35 Wang Dao 王導 [Wang Yue 王悅, Wang Tian 王恬, Wang Qia 王洽, Wang Xun 王珣, Wang Min 王珉, Wang Xie 王協, Wang Mi 王謐, Wang Shao 王劭, Wang Hui 王薈, Wang Qin 王廞]
66. 36 Liu Hong 劉弘, Tao Kan 陶侃 [Tao Hong 陶洪, Tao Zhan 陶瞻, Tao Xia 陶夏, Tao Qi 陶琦, Tao Qi 陶旗, Tao Bin 陶斌, Tao Cheng 陶稱, Tao Fan 陶範, Tao Dai 陶岱, Tao Zhen 陶臻, Tao Yu 陶輿]
67. 37 Wen Jiao 溫嶠, Xi Jian 郗鑒 [Xi Yin 郗愔, Xi Chao 郗超, Xi Tan 郗曇, Xi Hui 郗恢, Xi Long 郗隆]
68. 38 Gu Rong 顧榮, Ji Zhan 紀瞻, He Xun 賀循 [Yang Fang 楊方], Xue Jian 薛兼
69. 39 Liu Wei 劉隗 [Liu Bo 劉波, Liu Na 劉訥, Liu Chou 劉疇], Diao Xie 刁協 [Diao Yi 刁彝, Diao Kui 刁逵], Dai Ruosi 戴若思 [Dai Miao 戴邈], Zhou Yi 周顗 [Zhou Min 周閔]
70. 40 Ying Zhan 應詹, Gan Zhuo 甘卓 [Deng Jian 鄧騫], Bian Hu 卞壼 [Bian Dun 卞敦], Liu Chao 劉超, Zhong Ya 鍾雅
71. 41 Sun Hui 孫惠, Xiong Yuan 熊遠, Wang Jian 王鑒, Chen Jun 陳頵, Gao Song 高崧
72. 42 Guo Pu 郭璞, Ge Hong 葛洪
73. 43 Yu Liang 庾亮 [Yu Bin 庾彬, Yu Xi 庾羲, Yu He 庾龢, Yu Yi 庾懌, Yu Tong 庾統, Yu Bing 庾冰, Yu Xi 庾希, Yu Tiao 庾條, Yu Yi 庾翼]
74. 44 Huan Yi 桓彝 [Huan Yun 桓雲, Huan Huo 桓豁, Huan Shimin 桓石虔, Hun Chen 桓振, Huan Shixiu 桓石秀, Huan Shimin 桓石民, Huan Shisheng 桓石生, Huan Shisui 桓石綏, Huan Shikang 桓石康, Huan Bi 桓祕, Huan Chong 桓沖, Huan Si 桓嗣, Huan Ying 桓胤, Huan Qian 桓謙, Huan You 桓脩, Xu Ning 徐寧]
75. 45 Wang Zhan 王湛 [Wang Cheng 王承, Wang Shu 王述, Wang Tanzhi 王坦之, Wang Zhi 王褘之, Wang Kaiyu 王愷愉, Wang Guobao 王國寶, Wang Chen 王忱, Wang Sui 王綏, Wang Jiao 王嶠, Yuan Yuezhi 袁悅之, Zu Taizhi 祖台之], Xun Song 荀崧 [Xun Rui 荀蕤, Xun Xian 荀羨], Fan Wang 范汪 [Fan Ning 范甯, Fan Shu 范堅, Fan Qi 范啟], Liu Tan 劉惔, Zhang Ping 張憑, Han Bo 韓伯
76. 46 Wang Shu 王舒 [Wang Yunzhi 王允之], Wan Yi 王廙 [Wang Bin 王彬, Wang Biaozhi 王彪之, Wang Suo 王棱], Yu Tan 虞潭 [Yu Xiaofu 虞嘯父, Yu Fei 虞{馬+斐}], Gu Zhong 顧眾, Zhang Kai 張闓
77. 47 Lu Ye 陸曄 [Lu Wan 陸玩, Lu Na 陸納], He Chong 何充, Chu Se 褚翜, Cai Mo 蔡謨 [Cai Ke 蔡克], Zhuge Hui 諸葛恢, Yin Hao 殷浩 [Gu Yuezhi 顧悅之, Cai Yi 蔡裔]
78. 48 Kong Yu 孔愉 [Kong Wang 孔汪, Kong Anguo 孔安國, Kong Zhi 孔祗, Kong Tan 孔坦, Kong Yan 孔嚴, Kong Qun 孔群, Kong Chen 孔沈], Ding Tan 丁潭 [Zhang Mao 張茂], Tao Hui 陶回
79. 49 Xie Shang 謝尚, Xie An 謝安 [Xie Yan 謝琰, Xie Hun 謝混, Xie Yi 謝奕, Xie Xuan 謝玄, Xie Wan 謝萬, Xie Lang 謝朗, Xie Zhong 謝重, Xie Xun 謝絢, Xie Shi 謝石, Xie Miao 謝邈]
80. 50 Wang Xizhi 王羲之 [Wang Xuanzhi 王玄之, Wang Ningzhi 王凝之, Wang Huizhi 王徽之, Wang Zhenzhi 王楨之, Wang Caozi 王操之, Wang Xianzhi 王獻之], Xu Mai 許邁
81. 51 Wang Xun 王遜, Cai Bao 蔡豹, Yang Jian 羊鑒, Liu Ying 劉胤, Huan Xuan 桓宣 [Huan Yi 桓伊], Zhu Si 朱伺, Mao Bao 毛寶 [Mao Muzhi 毛穆之, Mao Qu 毛璩, Mao Anzhi 毛安之, Mao Dezu 毛德祖], Liu Xia 劉遐, Deng Yu 鄧嶽 [Deng Xia 鄧遐, Deng Yi 鄧逸], Zhu Xu 朱序
82. 52 Chen Shou 陳壽, Wang Changwen 王長文, Yu Fu 虞溥, Sima Biao 司馬彪, Wang Yin 王隱 [Wang Hu 王瑚], Yu Yu 虞預, Sun Cheng 孫盛 [Sun Qian 孫潛, Sun Fang 孫放], Gan Bao 干寶, Deng Can 鄧粲, Xie Chen 謝沈, Xi Zaochi 習鑿齒, Xu Guang 徐廣
83. 53 Gu He 顧和 [Gu Chun 顧淳], Yuan Gui 袁瑰 [Yuan Qiao 袁喬, Yuan Shansong 袁山松, Yuan Qiu 袁猷, Yuan Zhun 袁準, Yuan Dan 袁耽, Yuan Zhi 袁質, Yuan Zhan 袁湛, Yuan Bao 袁豹], Jiang You 江逌 [Jiang Guan 江灌, Jiang Ji 江績], Che Ying 車胤, Yin Kai 殷顗, Wang Ya 王雅 [Wang Zhunzhi 王準之, Wang Xiezhi 王協之]
84. 54 Wan Gong 王恭, Yu Kai 庾楷, Liu Laozhi 劉牢之 [Liu Jingxuan 劉敬宣], Yin Zhongkan 殷仲堪 [Yin Jianzhi 殷簡之], Yang Quanqi 楊佺期 [Yang Zijing 楊孜敬]
85. 55 Liu Yi 劉毅 [Liu Mai 劉邁], Zhuge Changmin 諸葛長民, He Wuji 何無忌, Tan Pingzhi 檀憑之, Wei Yongzhi 魏詠之
86. 56 Zhang Gui 張軌 [Zhang Shi 張寔, Zhang Mao 張茂, Zhang Jun 張駿, Zhang Chonghua 張重華, Zhang Yaoling 張耀靈, Zhang Zuo 張祚, Zhang Jing 張靚, Zhang Tianxi 張天錫]
87. 57 Li Xuancheng, King Wuzhao of Liang 涼武昭王李玄盛, Li Shiye, the Later King of Liang 涼後主李士業
88. 58 孝友 Xiaoyou Filal and brotherly persons: Li Mi 李密 [Li Si 李賜, Li Xing 李興], Cheng Yan 盛彥, Xia Fang 夏方, Wang Pou 王裒, Xu Zi 許孜, Yu Gun 庾袞, Xun Jiu 孫晷, Yan Han 顏含, Liu Yin 劉殷, Wang Yan 王延, Wang Tan 王談, Sang Yu 桑虞, He Qi 何琦, Wu Kui 吳逵
89. 59 忠義 Zhongyi Loyal and righteous persons: Xi Shao 嵇紹 [Xi Han 嵇含], Wang Bao 王豹, Liu Chen 劉沈, Qu Yun 麴允 [Jiao Song 焦嵩], Jia Hui 賈渾, Wang Yu 王育, Wei Zhong 韋忠, Xin Mian 辛勉, Liu Minyuan 劉敏元, Zhou Gai 周該, Huan Xiong 桓雄, Han Jie 韓階, Zhou Qi 周崎, Yi Xiong 雄, Le Daorong 樂道融, Yu Kui 虞悝, Shen Jing 沈勁, Ji Yi 吉挹, Wang Liang 王諒, Song Qu 宋矩, Che Ji 車濟, Ding Mu 丁穆, Xin Gongjing 辛恭靖, Luo Qisheng 羅企生, Zhang Yi 張禕
90. 60 良吏 Liangli Benevolent officials: Lu Zhi 魯芝, Hu Wei 胡威, Du Zhen 杜軫, Dou Yun 竇允, Wang Hong 王宏, Cao Shu 曹攄, Fan Jing 潘京, Fan Jiu 范晷, Ding Shao 丁紹, Qiao Zhiming 喬智明, Deng You 鄧攸, Wu Yinzhi 吳隱之
91. 61 儒林 Rulin The forest of scholars: Fan Ping 范平, Wen Li 文立, Chen Shao 陳邵, Yu Xi 虞喜, Liu Zhao 劉兆, Fan Yu 氾毓, Xu Miao 徐苗, Cui You 崔遊, Fan Long 范隆, Du Yi 杜夷, Dong Jingdao 董景道, Xu Xian 續咸, Xu Miao 徐邈, Kong Yan 孔衍, Fan Xuan 范宣, Wei Xiao 韋謏, Fan Hongzhi 范弘之, Wang Huan 王歡
92. 62 文苑 Wenyuan The garden of literati: Ying Zhen 應貞, Chenggong Sui 成公綏, Zuo Si 左思, Zhao Zhi 趙至, Zou Zhan 鄒湛 [Zou Jie 鄒捷], Zao Ju 棗據, Chu Tao 褚陶, Wang Chen 王沈, Zhang Han 張翰, Yu Chan 庾闡, Cao Pi 曹毗, Li Chong 李充, Yuan Hong 袁宏, Fu Tao 伏滔, Luo Han 羅含, Gu Kaizhi 顧愷之, Guo Chengzhi 郭澄之
93. 63 外戚 Waiqi Relatives of empresses and consorts: Yang Xiu 羊琇, Wang Xun 王恂 [Wang Min 王虔, Wang Kai 王愷], Yang Wenzong 楊文宗, Yang Xuanzhi 羊玄之, Yu Yu 虞豫 [Yu Ying 虞胤], Yu Chen 庾琛, Du Yi 杜乂, Chu Pou 褚裒, He Zhun 何準 [He Cheng 何澄], Wang Meng 王濛 [Wang You 王脩], Wang Xia 王遐, Wang Yun 王蘊 [Wang Shuai 王爽], Chu Shuai 褚爽
94. 64 隱逸 Yinyi Scholars living in seclusion: Sun Deng 孫登, Dong Jing 董京, Xia Tong 夏統, Zhu Chong 朱沖, Fan Can 范粲 [Fan Qiao 范喬], Lu Sheng 魯勝, Dong Yang 董養, Huo Yuan 霍原, Guo Qi 郭琦, Wu Chao 伍朝, Lu Bao 魯褒, Fan Teng 氾騰, Ren Xu 任旭, Guo Wen 郭文, Gong Zhuang 龔壯, Meng Lou 孟陋, Han Ji 韓績, Qiao Xiu 譙秀, Di Tang 翟湯 [Di Zhuang 翟莊], Guo Fan 郭翻, Xin Mi 辛謐, Liu Linzhi 劉驎之, Suo Xi 索襲, Yang Ke 楊軻, Gongsun Feng 公孫鳳, Gongsun Yong 公孫永, Zhang Zhong 張忠, Shi Yuan 石垣, Song Xian 宋纖, Guo Ke 郭荷, Guo Yu 郭瑀, Qi Jia 祈嘉, Quxing Xiansheng 瞿硎先生, Xie Fu 謝敷, Dai Kui 戴逵, Gong Xuanzhi 龔玄之 [Gong Yuanshou 龔元壽], Tao Yan 陶淡, Tao Qian 陶潛
95. 65 藝術 Yishu Magicians and diviners: Chen Xun 陳訓, Dai Yang 戴洋, Han You 韓友, Chunyu Zhi 淳于智, Bu Xiong 步熊, Du Buyan 杜不愆, Yan Qing 嚴卿, Wei Zhao 隗炤, Bu Yu 卜珝, Bao Jing 鮑靚, Wu Meng 吳猛, Xing Ling 幸靈, Fotudeng 佛圖澄, Maru 麻襦, Chandaokai 單道開, Huang Hong 黃泓, Suo Dan 索紞, Meng Qin 孟欽, Wang Jia 王嘉, Sengshe 僧涉, Guo Nun 郭黁, Jiumoluoshi 鳩摩羅什, Tanhuo 曇霍, Taichan 臺產
96. 66 列女 Lienü Females of outstanding virtues: Yan Dan qi Xinshi 羊耽妻辛氏, Du Youdao qi Yanshi 杜有道妻嚴氏, Wang Hui qi Zhongshi 王渾妻鍾氏, Zheng Mao qi Caoshi 鄭袤妻曹氏, Minhuai taizi fei Wangshi 愍懷太子妃王氏, Zheng Xiu qi Shishi 鄭休妻石氏, Tao Kan mu Zhanshi 陶侃母湛氏, Jia Hui qi Zongshi 賈渾妻宗氏, Liang Wei qi Xinshi 梁緯妻辛氏, Xu Yan qi Dushi 許延妻杜氏, Yu Tan mu Sunshi 虞潭母孫氏, Zhou Yi mu Lishi 周顗母李氏, Zhang Mao qi Lushi 張茂妻陸氏, Yin Yu er nü 尹虞二女, Xun Song xiaonü Guan 荀崧小女灌, Wang Nizhi qi Xieshi 王凝之妻謝氏, Liu Zhen qi Chenshi 劉臻妻陳氏, Pi Jing qi Longshi 皮京妻龍氏, Meng Chang qi Zhoushi 昶妻周氏, He Wuji mu Liushi 何無忌母劉氏, Liu Cong qi Liushi 劉聰妻劉氏, Wang Guang nü 王廣女, Shaan furen 陝婦人, Jin Kang nü 靳康女, Wei Cheng mu Songshi 韋逞母宋氏, Zhang Tianxi qi Yanshi, Xueshi 張天錫妾閻氏薛氏, Fu Jian qi Zhangshi 苻堅妾張氏, Dou Tao qi Sushi 竇滔妻蘇氏, Fu Deng qi Maoshi 苻登妻毛氏, Murong CHui qi Duanshi 慕容垂妻段氏, Duan Feng qi Murongshi 段豐妻慕容氏, Lü Zuan qi Yangshi 呂纂妻楊氏, Lü Shao qi Zhangshi 呂紹妻張氏, Liang Wuzhaowang Li Xuan Shenghou Yinshi 涼武昭王李玄盛后尹氏
97. 67 四夷 Siyi The barbarians of the four cardinal directions:
Eastern Barbarians 東夷: Fuyu 夫餘國, Mahan 馬韓, Chenhan 辰韓, Sushen 肅慎氏, Woren 倭人, Bili etc. 裨離等十國
Western Barbarians 西戎: Tuyuhun 吐谷渾 [Tuyan 吐延, Yeyan 葉延, Pixi 辟奚, Shilian 視連, Shixiong 視熊, Shuluogan 樹落干], Yanqi 焉耆國, Qiuci 龜茲國, Dayuan 大宛國, Kangju 康居國, Daqin 大秦國
Southern Barbarians 南蠻: Linyi 林邑國, Funan 扶南國
Northern Barbarians 北狄: Xiongnu 匈奴
98. 68 [Rebels] Wang Dun 王敦 [Shen Chong 沈充], Huan Wen 桓溫 [Huan Xi 桓熙, Huan Ji 桓濟, Xuan Xin 桓歆, Huan Yi 桓褘, Huan Wei 桓偉, Meng Jia 孟嘉]
99. 69 [Rebels] Huan Xuan 桓玄, Bian Fanzhi 卞範之, Yin Zhongwen 殷仲文
100. 70 [Rebels] Wang Mi 王彌, Zhang Chang 張昌, Chen Min 陳敏, Wang Ru 王如, Du Ceng 杜曾, Du Tao 杜弢, Wang Ji 王機 [Wang Qu 王矩], Zu Yue 祖約, Su Jun 蘇峻, Sun En 孫恩, Lu Xun 盧循, Qiao Zong 譙縱
101.-130. 載記 Zaiji Hereditary houses of the usurpatorious barbarian dynasties 1-30
101. 1 Liu Yuanhai 劉元海 [Liu He 劉和, Liu Xuan 劉宣]
102. 2 Liu Cong 劉聰 [Liu Can 劉粲, Chen Yuanda 陳元達]
103. 3 Liu Yao 劉曜
104. 4 Shi Le 石勒 A
105. 5 Shi Le 石勒 B [Shi Hong 石弘, Zhang Bin 張賓]
106. 6 Shi Jilong 石季龍 A
107. 7 Shi Jilong 石季龍 B [Shi Shi 石世, Shi Zun 石遵, Shi Jian 石鑒, Ran Min 冉閔]
108. 8 Murong Hui 慕容廆 [Pei Ni 裴嶷, Gao Zhan 高瞻]
109. 9 Murong Hong 慕容皝 [Murong Han 慕容翰, Yang Yu 陽裕]
110. 10 Murong Jun 慕容俊儁 [Han Heng 韓恒, Li Chan 李產, Li Ji 李績]
111. 11 Murong Wei 慕容暐 [Murong Ke 慕容恪, Yang Wu 陽騖, Huangfu Zhen 皇甫真]
112. 12 Fu Hong 苻洪, Fu Jian 苻健, Fu Sheng 苻生 [Fu Xiong 苻雄, Wang Duo 王墮
113. 13 Fu Jian 苻堅 A
114. 14 Fu Jian 苻堅 B [Wang Meng 王猛, Fu Rong 苻融, Fu Lang 苻朗]
115. 15 Fu Pi 苻丕, Fu Deng 苻登 [Suo Pan 索泮, Xu Song 徐嵩]
116. 16 Yao Yizhong 姚弋仲, Yao Xiang 姚襄, Yao Chang 姚萇
117. 17 Yao Xing 姚興 A
118. 18 Yao Xing 姚興 B [Yin Wei 尹緯]
119. 19 Yao Hong 姚泓
120. 20 Li Te 李特, Li Liu 李流 [Li Xiang 李庠]
121. 21 Li Xiong 李雄, Li Ban 李班, Li Qi 李期, Li Shou 李壽, Li Shi 李勢
122. 22 Lü Guang 呂光, Lü Zuan 呂纂, Lü Long 呂隆
123. 23 Murong Chui 慕容垂
124. 24 Murong Bao 慕容寶, Muron Cheng 慕容盛, Murong Xi 慕容熙, Murong Yun 慕容雲
125. 25 Qifu Guoren 乞伏國仁, Qifu Qiangui 乞伏乾歸, Qifu Chipan 乞伏熾磐 [Feng Ba 馮跋, Feng Sufu 馮素弗]
126. 26 Tufa Wugu 禿髮烏孤, Tufa Lilugu 禿髮利鹿孤, Tufa Rutan 禿髮傉檀
127. 27 Murong De 慕容德
128. 28 Murong Chao 慕容超 [Murong Zhong 慕容鍾, Feng Fu 封孚]
129. 29 Juqu Mengxun 沮渠蒙遜
130. 30 Helian Bobo 赫連勃勃
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Zhou Yiliang 周一良 (1992). "Jinshu 晉書", in Zhongguo da baike quanshu 中國大百科全書, Zhongguo lishi 中國歷史 (Beijing/Shanghai: Zhongguo da baike quanshu chubanshe), Vol. 1, 479.