An Encyclopaedia on Chinese History and Literature

Sanfan jishi benmo 三藩紀事本末

Jun 20, 2011 © Ulrich Theobald

Sanfan jishi benmo 三藩紀事本末 "Historical events around the Three Princes in their entirety" is a history of the last princes of the Southern Ming dynasty 南明 (1644-1661; not the Three Feudatories led by Wu Sangui 吳三桂!), and the war against them. It was compiled by Yang Lurong 楊陸榮.

The 4-juan long book was finished in 1717. It narrates the history of Prince Fu 福王 (r. 1644-1645) in Nanjing, as the successor of the Chongzhen Emperor 崇禎 (r. 1628-1644), and the short reigns of Prince Tang 唐王 (r. 1645-1646) and Prince Gui 桂王 (r. 1646-1661) that tried to resist the conquest of China by the Manchus. It ends in 1683 with the submission of Zheng Keshuang 鄭克塽 (1670-1707), the last supporter of the Ming 明 (1368-1644), to the Manchus.

The Sanfan jishi benmo is a very concise history of the Southern Ming dynasty which is normally neglected by historians. It was not included in the series Siku quanshu 四庫全書 because it was too much based on hearsay instead of archival or other historiographical documents. It can be found in the series Jieyueshanfang huichao 借月山房彙鈔.

Li Xueqin 李學勤, Lü Wenyu 呂文鬰, eds. (1996). Siku da cidian 四庫大辭典 (Changchun: Jilin daxue chubanshe), Vol. 1, 912.