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Shu taowu 蜀檮杌

May 21, 2011 © Ulrich Theobald

Shu taowu 蜀檮杌 "Annals of Shu", also called Waishi taowu 外史檮杌 "Unofficial annals", is a history of Sichuan during the 10th century written by the Northern Song period 南宋 (1127-1279) scholar Zhang Tangying 張唐英 (1029-1071), courtesy name Cigong 次功 or 次公, style Huangsongzi 黃松子.

The 2-juan long book is a history of the two dynasties of Former Shu 前蜀 (907-925) and Later Shu 後蜀 (934-965). The two dynasties are treated as separate entities because they were founded by two different houses (Wang 王 and Meng 孟, respectively), and the respective chapters are called with a different title, namely Qianshu kaiguo ji 前蜀開國記 "The foundation of the Former Shu dynasty" and Houshu shilu 後蜀實錄 "Veritable records of the Later Shu".

Zhang Tangying imitated the annals of the Former Han dynasty 前漢 (206 BC- 8 AD), Xun Yue's 荀悦 (148-209) Hanji 漢紀. The term taowu is derived from a very ancient designation of the annals of the state of Chu 楚.

The Shu taowu is included in the series Hanhai 函海, Xuehai leibian 學海類編, Congshu jicheng 叢書集成, Yihai zhuchen 藝海珠塵 and Siku quanshu 四庫全書.

Source:
Li Xueqin 李學勤, Lü Wenyu 呂文鬰, ed. (1996). Siku da cidian 四庫大辭典 (Changchun: Jilin daxue chubanshe), Vol. 1, 1046.