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Picang 埤倉

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Picang 埤倉 "Increased Cang[jie]" is a short character dictionary written by the Cao-Wei period 曹魏 (220-265) scholar Zhang Yi 張揖. Zhang's name is more often related with the gloss book Guangya 廣雅 than with the Picang. The original size was 3 juan "scrolls". It was lost, according to general statement, during the Five Dynasties period 五代 (907-960) and is only preserved in fragments from that time, but surprisingly also from the early Song period 宋 (960-1279). The Guangcang imitated the old standard character dictionary Cangjiepian 倉頡篇 from the Qin 秦 (221-206 BCE) and Han 漢 (206 BCE-220 CE) periods.
There are two collections of fragments. The first is that by the Qing period 清 (1644-1911) scholar Ma Guohan 馬國翰 who collected the quotations from the Picang in the dictionary Yupian 玉篇, the Hanshu yinyi 漢書音義, a phonetic commentary to the official dynastic history Hanshu 漢書, the commentary to the anthology Wenxuan 文選, the Yiqiejing yinyi 一切經音義, a phonetic commentary to Buddhist writings, Sima Zhen's 司馬貞commentary to the history Shiji 史記, and the dictionary Guangyun 廣韻. Ma's collection of fragments is included in his reprint series Yuhan shanfang jiyi shu 玉函山房輯佚書. The modern scholar Long Zhang 龍璋 has compiled another collection which revised Ma's collection and included more sources. It is published in the Xiaoxue souyi 小學搜佚.

Source: Li Xueqin 李學勤, Lü Wenyu 呂文鬰 (ed. 1996), Siku da cidian 四庫大辭典 (Changchun: Jilin daxue chubanshe), Vol. 1, p. 751.

January 9, 2011 © Ulrich Theobald · Mail
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