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Wuyuanlu 無冤錄

Mar 22, 2021 © Ulrich Theobald

Wuyuanlu 無冤錄 "Records of avoiding injustice" is an anonymous book on unjust law cases dating from the Yuan period 元 (1279-1368). In the Ming-period 明 (1368-1644) encyclopaedia Yongle dadian 永樂大典 the 2-juan-long book is said to have been written by a certain Wang Yu 王與 (1260-1346).

The book quotes from the collections Xiyuanlu 洗冤錄 and Pingyuanlu 平冤錄, but also includes some cases from the early Yuan period. The first part includes the statutes for the investigation of law cases (Bian'an zhangcheng 辦案章程 or Guanli zhangcheng 官吏章程), including methods of examining bodies. The second part (Shishang bianbie 屍傷辨別) is dedicated to topics of forensic medicine, with the help of which difficult cases can be solved justly. Although many cases and methods are quoted from older texts, the Wuyuanlu also presents new findings and improves earlier methods which makes it one of the three great ancient books on forensic medicine (together called Jianyan sanlu 檢驗三錄 "Three recods of investigation and examination").

The Wuyuanlu to be found in Wu Zi’s 吳鼒 (1755-1821) collections Song-Yuan jianyan sanlu 宋元檢驗三錄 from 1812, and in the seriesZhenbilou congshu 枕碧樓叢書 and Jingxianglou congshu 敬鄉樓叢書.

Sources:
Jing Weiliang 景衛良 (1993). "Wuyuanlu 無冤錄", in Shi Quanchang 石泉長, ed. Zhonghua baike yaolan 中華百科要覽 (Shenyang: Liaoning renmin chubanshe), 1014.
Kong Qingming 孔慶明 (1990). "Wuyuanlu 無冤錄" in Yang Chunxi 楊春洗 et al., ed. Xingshi faxue da cidian 刑事法學大辭書 (Nanjing: Nanjing daxue chubanshe), 524.
Li Xueqin 李學勤, Lü Wenyu 呂文郁, ed. (1996). Siku da cidian 四庫大辭典 (Changchun: Jilin daxue chubanshe), Vol. 2, 1643.
Sun Yiping 孙益平 (1988). "王与和《无冤录》",法学杂志,1988(02) Page:20
Yu Deqin 余德芹 & Wu Zhigang 吴志刚 (2009). "Lüeshu Wang Yu de Wuyuanlu 略述王与的《无冤录》", Guizhou Minzu daxue xuebao (Zhexue shehui kexue ban) 贵州民族大学学报(哲学社会科学版), 2009 (3): 135-137.
Yu Ying’ao 余瀛鰲, Li Jingwei 李經緯, ed. (2000). Zhongyi wenxian cidian 中醫文獻辭典 (Beijing: Beijing kexue jishu chubanshe), 44.
Zhuang Shufan 莊樹藩, ed. (1990). Zhonghua gu wenxian da cidian 中華古文獻大辭典, Vol. Yiyao 醫藥卷 (Changchun: Jilin wenshi chubanshe), 19.
Na Xiaobo 那晓波 (1994). "Wuyuanlu 《无冤录》", Heilongjiang minzu congkan 黑龙江民族丛刊, 1994 (3).
Sun Yiping 孙益平 (19889. "Wang Yu he Wuyuanlu 王与和《无冤录》", Faxue zazhi 法学杂志, 1988 (2): 20.
Yu Deqin 余德芹 & Wu Zhigang 吴志刚 (2009). "Lüeshu Wang Yu de Wuyuanlu 略述王与的《无冤录》", Guizhou Minzu Daxue xuebao (Zhexue shehui kexue ban) 贵州民族大学学报(哲学社会科学版), 2009 (3): 135-137.