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Chinese Literature
Peiwenzhai guang qunfangpu 佩文齋廣群芳譜 "Extended Notes of the Peiwen Study on All Various Herbs"

The (Yuding) Peiwenzhai guang qunfangpu 御定佩文齋廣群芳譜 "(Imperially endorsed) Extended notes of the Peiwen Study on all various herbs", shortly Guang qunfangpu 廣群芳譜, is an encyclopedic description of a lot of plants compiled on imperial order by a team under the supervison of Wang Hao 汪灝 and Zhang Yishao 張逸少 during the early Qing period 清 (1644-1911). The 100 juan "scrolls" long book was begun in 1708 and is based on an earlier book from the Ming period 明 (1368-1644), Wang Xiangjin's 王象晉 Qunfangpu 群芳譜. The titles of the chapters are largely the same, but the part on Heaven and that on the seasons have been unified in the Guang qunfangpu. The new book leaves out general statements about natural disasters, omina and portents, and descriptions of the seasonal phenology, as well as the chapter on the crane and fishes (Heyupu 鶴魚譜), which are no plants. The Guang qunfangpu begins with a general description of the plants in case, before starting with quoting from sources. The quotations of prose literature are called huikao 匯考, quotations from poetry jizao 集藻. There is a special part dedicated to the distinguishing of differents species called bielu 別錄. Unlike the Qunfangpu, the Guang qunfangpu has eliminated all parts about plant diseases. The Guang qunfangpu tries to eliminate the weaknesses of Wang Xiangjin's earlier book, especially the fact that he had seldomly tried to confirm the correctness of his sources from the books Huajing 花鏡 and Pushi 圃史. Only about 20 per cent of the Guang qunfangpu is a direct adoption of the text of the Qunfangpu, the rest is new.
The Guang qunfangpu is included in the imperial collectaneum Siku quanshu 四庫全書, which reproduces a print from 1708. In 1985 the Nongye press 農業出版社 published a new edition, and in the same year the Shanghai shudian press 上海書店 also published a modern version of the Guang qunfangpu.

Source: Li Xueqin 李學勤, Lü Wenyu 呂文鬰 (1996). Siku da cidian 四庫大辭典, vol. 2, p. 1870. Changchun: Jilin daxue chubanshe.

1.-6. 天時譜 Tianshi pu Heaven and the seasons
7.-10. 榖譜 Gu pu Grains
11.-12. 桑麻譜 Sangma pu Mulberry and hemp
13.-17. 蔬譜 Shu pu Vegetables
18.-21. 茶譜 Cha pu Tea
22.-53. 花譜 Hua pu Flowers
54.-67. 果譜 Guo pu Fruits
68.-81. 木譜 Mu pu Trees
82.-86. 竹譜 Zhu pu Bamboo
87.-92. 卉譜 Hui pu Herbs
93.-100. 藥譜 Yao pu Medicine
Chinese literature according to the four-category system

June 17, 2011 © Ulrich Theobald · Mail