An Encyclopaedia on Chinese History and Literature

Jiegulu 羯鼓錄

Nov 11, 2010 © Ulrich Theobald

Jiegulu 羯鼓錄 "The drums of the Huns" is a book on music compiled by the Tang period 唐 (618-907) writer Nan Zhuo 南卓, courtesy name Zhaosi 昭嗣. Nan Zhou had served as a surveillance commissioner (guanchashi 觀察使) in the province of Qiannan 黔南 and probably also as magistrate (ling 令) of Luoyang 洛陽 in 841, and as prefect (cishi 刺史) of Wuzhou 婺州.

The short book Jiegulu is divided into two parts, the first being finished in 848, the second in 850. The first part describes the history, origin and features of the melodies called "Drums of the Jie tribes 羯 ('Huns')", and ends with some stories from the time after Emperor Xuanzong's 唐玄宗 (r. 712-755) reign. The second part records a story by Cui Xuan 崔鉉 (fl. 874) and is enriched by the titles of a lot of music pieces to be accompanied with the Jie drums and set in different musical modes. Among these, several pieces of foreign language are included that probably origin in the city states of Qiuci 龜茲, Gaochang 高昌, among the Chile Türks 敕勒 or in India 天竺. Some statements in this part do not correspond to information about dances found in other sources, which might be the result of Nan Zhuo's missing expertise with the matter. The Jiegulu is, nevertheless, an important source for Tang period court music.

It is included in the series Zaixu baichuan xuehai 再續百川學海, Mohai jinhu 墨海金壺, Shuofu 說郛, and Siku quanshu 四庫全書.

Dai Ning 戴寧 (1996). "Jiegulu 羯鼓錄", in Zhou Gucheng 周谷城, ed. Zhongguo xueshu mingzhu tiyao 中國學術名著提要, Vol. Yishu 藝術卷 (Shanghai: Fudan daxue chubanshe), 46.
Guo Keque 郭可慤 (2011). "Tangdai yinyue zhuzuo Jiegulu zhuanshu yu Luoyang xiaokao 唐代音樂著作《羯鼓錄》撰述於洛陽小考", Luoyang Shifan Xueyuan xuebao 洛陽師範學院學報, 2011 (3): 27-29.
Li Xueqin 李學勤, Lü Wenyu 呂文鬰, eds. (1996). Siku da cidian 四庫大辭典 (Changchun: Jilin daxue chubanshe), Vol. 2, 1822.
Qiao Changfu 喬長阜 (2003). "Jiegulu 羯鼓錄", in Bian Xiaoxuan 卞孝萱, ed. Tangdai wenxue baike cidian 唐代文學百科辭典 (Beijing: Hanyu da cidian chubanshe), 632.
Wu Feng 吳楓, ed. (1994). Zhonghua gu wenxian da cidian 中華古文獻大辭典, Vol. Wenxue 文學卷 (Changchun: Jilin wenshi chubanshe), 758.
Zhang Yizhi 張譯之 (2021). "Jiegulu yanjiu zongshu 《羯鼓錄》研究綜述", Gujin wenchuang 今古文創, 2021 (4): 51-54.