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Pu-Mao nongzi 浦泖農咨

Jan 28, 2022 © Ulrich Theobald

Pu-Mao nongzi 浦泖農咨 "Documents on the peasantry in Pu and Mao", is an agricultural treatise written during the late Qing period 清 (1644-1911) by 姜皋 Jiang Gao, courtesy name Xiaoqiang 小槍, from Yunjian 云間 (today part of Songjiang 松江, Shanghai).

The brief book is specialized on the agricultural circumstances of the Yangtze Delta, and the surroundings of Shanghai in particular. Pu 浦 is the abbreviation for Huangpu River 黃浦, which flows through the modern city of Shanghai, and Mao 泖 is the abbreviation for Lake Maohu 泖湖, the old name for Lake Dianshan 淀山湖, whose waters contribute to Huangpu River. Pu-Mao is thus the region between Shanghai and Lake Taihu 太湖, the largest inland water of the lower Yangtze Region.

The texts consists of 40 paragraphs referring to general rules of farming with the seasons, irrigation, methods of ploughing, sowing and replanting rice, fertilization, weeding, harvesting, and describes briefly various farming tools and minor crops like wheat, beans, legumes, oilseeds, but also speaks of economic matters like land prices, rents, labour pay, and credit interests.

Jiang's book is a valuable testimony of the life in the countryside in Jiangsu at the eve of the First Opium War (1839-1842). It was first printed in 1834. Even if the book seems to have circulated to a certain extent in the region, only one single copy (guben 孤本) seems to have survived the onslaught of the Taiping 太平 turmoils (1850-1864) in the mid-centry. It is owned by the Shanghai Library 上海圖書館.

Chen Weikun 陳渭坤 (1985). "Pu-Mao nongzi jianjie 《浦泖農咨》簡介", Nongye kaogu 農業考古, 1985 (1): 386-387.
Kang Pankwon 姜判權 (1999). "Sipki seki ch'o chung yŏp Kangnam ŭi pyŏ nong ŏp: Kangnam ch'oekyŏng kwato pyŏn kwa Takachip, Kyŏngsim nonghwa rŭl chungsim ŭro 19世紀初ㆍ中葉江南의벼농업:『江南催耕課稻編』과 『多稼集』ㆍ『畊心農話』를중심으로", Tongyang sahak yŏn'gu 東洋史學硏究 / Journal of Asian Historical Studies, 1999 (10): 180-186.
Kang Pankwon 姜判權 (2000). "Ch'ŏngtae nongsŏ yŏn'gu: Kangnam ch'oekyŏng kwato pyŏn, Takachip, Kyŏngsim nonghwa, P'omyo nongcha ŭi pun sŏk 淸代農書硏究 - 《江南催耕課稻編》ㆍ《多稼集》ㆍ《畊心農話》ㆍ《浦泖農咨》의분석", Kyemyŏng sahak 啓明史學 / Studies on Modern China, 6 (1): 95-108 [1995 (11): 107-135].
Wang Yonghou 王永厚 (1991). "Li Yanzhang he Jiangnan cuigeng kedao bian 李彦章和《江南催耕課稻編》", Zhongguo nongshi 中國農史, 1991 (2): 115-116.
Nongye da cidian bianji weiyuanhui 《農業大詞典》 編輯委員會, ed. (1998). Nongye da cidian 農業大詞典 (Beijing: Zhongguo nongye chubanshe), 1267.
Sang Runsheng 桑潤生 (1993). "Jiang Hao he Pu-Mao nongzi 姜皋和《浦泖農咨》", Zhongguo nongshi 中國農史, 1993 (3): 107-109.
Wang Yuhu 王毓瑚, ed. (1964). Zhongguo nongxue shulu 中國農學書錄 (Beijing: Nongye chubanshe), 255.
Zhou Zhaoji 周肇基 (1995). "Pu-Mao nongzi 浦泖農咨", in Zhongguo nongye baike quanshu 中國農業百科全書, Vol. Nongye lishi 農業歷史卷 (Beijing: Nongye chubanshe), 262.