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Chinese Literature
Yonglu 雍錄


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Yonglu 雍錄 "Records of Yong" is an early local gazetteer of the region of Yong 雍 that is located around modern Xi'an 西安, Shaanxi. The 10 juan "scrolls" long book was compiled by the Southern Song period 南宋 (1127-1279) scholar Cheng Dachang 程大昌. For his gazetteer, the writer Cheng Dachang made use of earlier books on the region, from the Han period 漢 (206 BCE-220 CE) book Sanfu huangtu 三輔黄圖 to Tang period 唐 (618-907) books like Tang liudian 唐六典, Chang'an zhi 長安志 or Chang'an tuji 長安圖記, as well as records of the imperial archives in Lin'an 臨安 (modern Hangzhou 杭州, Zhejiang). The book was finished during the Shaoxing reign 紹興 (1131-1161).
The region Yongzhou 雍州 is first mentioned in the chapter Yugong 禹貢 "The tribute of Yu" of the Confucian Classic Shangshu 尚書 "Book of Documents", where the nine provinces (zhou 州) of China are categorized concerning tax tributes. During the Han and Tang periods the region was commonly called Guanzhong 關中 "Within the Passes". When Cheng Dachang compiled his book, the region was already occupied by the Jurchen empire of Jin 金 (1115-1234).
The book Yonglu described the history of the region, from oldest times, when the capitals Qishan 岐山, Feng 豐 and Hao 鎬 were located there during the Zhou period 周 (11th cent.-221 BCE), the capital Xianyang 咸陽 under the Qin 秦 (221-206 BCE), and its many palaces and canals, the Tang period gardens, palaces, citygates and parks, landscape, the local administration in commanderies (jun 郡) and districts (xian 縣), temples and shrines, important events and eminent persons, Buddhist and Daoist monasteries, military garrisons, academies, granaries, and much more. The book is enriched with more than 20 maps.
The Yonglu is rated as an excellent historiographic and literary book, but a lot of historical sources are missing because northern China was occupied by that time. It was nevertheless a very important base for later local gazetteers on that region written from the Ming period 明 (1368-1644) on. It is included in the collectanea Gujin yishi 古今逸史, Siku quanshu 四庫全書 and Guanzhong congshu 關中叢書.


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Source: Wang Zhaoming 王兆明, Fu Langyun 傅朗雲 (ed. 1991), Zhonghua gu wenxian da cidian 中華古文獻大辭典, Dili 地理 (Changchun: Jilin wenshi chubanshe), p. 381.

April 3, 2012 © Ulrich Theobald · Mail
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