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Chinese Literature
Gongzi Mouzi 公子牟子 "Master Mou, the Prince"


The Gongzi Mouzi 公子牟子 "Master Mou, the Prince" was a Daoist treatise written by Prince (gongzi 公子) Mou 牟 of the state of Wei 魏. According to a commentary by the Jin period 晉 (265-420) scholar Zhang Zhan 張湛 he was the son of Marquis Wen 文侯. The book Liezi 列子 says that he loved to travel with Daoist masters and enjoyed being freed of the obligation to serve the state. His book was four chapters long, as can be found out in the imperial bibliography Yiwenzhi 藝文志 in the official dynastic history Hanshu 漢書. The book is not listed in Tang period 唐 (618-907) bibliographies. The Qing period 清 (1644-1911) scholar Ma Guohan 馬國翰 collected fragments from the book and statements about the person from the books Zhuangzi 莊子, Zhanguoce 戰國策, Lüshi chunqiu 呂氏春秋 and Shuoyuan 說苑 and compiled a collection that ist o be found in the collectaneum Yuhan shanfang jiyi shu 玉函山房輯佚書. The philosophical attitude of Prince Mou has often been attacked by Confucians, especially by Mengzi 孟子.

Source: Li Xueqin 李學勤, Lü Wenyu 呂文鬰 (1996). Siku da cidian 四庫大辭典, vol. 2, p. 2296. Changchun: Jilin daxue chubanshe.

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September 7, 2012 © Ulrich Theobald · Mail