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Chinese Literature
Fuzi 傅子 "Master Fu"

The Fuzi 傅子 "Master Fu" is a Confucian treatise written by the Western Jin period 西晉 (265-316) scholar Fu Xuan 傅玄 (217-278, during the Qing period 清, 1644-1911, called Fu Yuan 傅元, in order to avoid the personal name of the Kangxi emperor 康熙, Xuanye 玄燁). His original oeuvre comprised 120 juan "scrolls", of which not much is left. The Fuzi is only 1 juan long, including 23 chapters, of which 12 are preserved in total, the others only in fragments. Except the Fuzi, Fu Xuan has written a lot of rhapsodies, poems, essays, odes, inscriptions, which were assembled in the Fu Xuan ji 傅玄集 "Collected writings by Fu Xuan", of which only a small part has survived.
The Fuzi stresses the moral values of Confucianism, as broad-mindedness, not be be selfish, to restrain oneself in one's desires, to rectify the heart, and to exert - as a ruler - a benevolent government. Fu Xuan also stresses that a ruler has to govern with both rewards and punishment, and to apply both in the right way, which is a legalist influence in his thinking. Sparingness and austerity in his thinking go back to the influence of Daoism.
For the reprint series Siku quanshu 四庫全書, a manuscript version of the Fuzi was used and printed by the Wuying Library 武英殿. The Qing period scholar Yan Kejun 嚴可均 included the surviving fragements of Fu Xuan in his Quan Jin wen 全晉文. Ye Dehui 葉德輝 has revised this version and amended the errors. It was included in the reprint series Baizi quanshu 白子全書 and printed in 1912. In was again published as part of the Congshu jicheng 叢書集成.

Source: Li Xueqin 李學勤, Lü Wenyu 呂文鬰 (1996). Siku da cidian 四庫大辭典, vol. 2, p. 1548. Changchun: Jilin daxue chubanshe.

正心 Zhengxin Rectifying one's heart
仁論 Renlun About kindheartedness
義信 Yixin Righteousness and trustfullness
通志 Tongzhi Penetrating one's will
舉賢 Juxian Promoting the worthies
重爵禄 Zhong juelu The importance of nobility
禮樂 Liyue Ritual and music
貴教 Guijiao Esteeming studies
檢商賈 Jian shanggu Restricting merchants
校工 Jiaogong Inspecting labour
戒言 Jieyan Sparingly with words
假言 Jiayan Lending words
Fragmentary chapters:
問政 Wenzheng Asking about government
治體 Zhiti The body of government
授職 Shouzhi Appointing to offices
官人 Guanren State officials
曲制 Quzhi
信直 Xinzhi
矯違 Jiaowei
問刑 Wenxing Asking about punishment
安民 Anming Appeasing the people
法刑 Faxing Standards and punishment
平役賦 Ping yifu Lowering corvée duty and taxes
鏡縂叙 Jingzongxu General discussion
48 further fragments
Chinese literature according to the four-category system

December 30, 2010 © Ulrich Theobald · Mail