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Hanguan jiuyi 漢官舊儀, Hanguan liu zhong 漢官六種

Nov 21, 2013 © Ulrich Theobald

Han jiuyi 漢舊儀 "Ancient rules of the (Former) Han", shortly called Jiuyi 舊儀, later also called Hanguan jiuyi 漢官舊儀, is a fragmentary collection of administrative rules and prescriptions of the Former Han period 前漢 (206 BCE-8 CE). The book was compiled by Wei Hong 衛宏, courtesy name Jingzhong 敬仲, during the Later Han period 後漢 (25-220 CE), but it was lost at an early point of time.

Wei Hong hailed from the commandery of Donghai 東海 (modern Yancheng 郯城, Shandong), and was a disciple of Xie Manqing 謝曼卿, a teacher of the Confucian Classic Shijing (the Mao version, Maoshi 毛詩), later of Du Lin 杜林, an expert in the Old-Text "Book of Documents" (Guwen shangshu 古文尚書). During the reign of Emperor Guangwu 漢光武帝 (r. 25-57 CE), the founder of the Later Han dynasty, he was appointed court gentleman for consultation (yilang 議郎).

The text included documents like from the imperial diary, designations of court officials, and the number and hierarchies of officials in the Central Palace and the household of the Heir Apparent.

There are several different collections of fragments from the Hanguan jiuyi, found in the series Wuyingdian juzhenban shu 武英殿聚珍版書, Siku quanshu 四庫全書, Sibu congkan 四部備要, and Pingjinguang congshu 平津館叢書.

The Sibu beiyao 四部備要 draws from several different sources and calls the title of the fragment collection Hanguan liu zhong 漢官六種 "Six collections about the offices of the Han". While all other collections are based on the text included in the Ming-period 明 (1368-1644) encylcopaedia Yongle dadian 永樂大典 and the Zhiguan fenji 職官分紀, with a length of only 1 juan, the fragment collection in the Sibu beiyao amounts to 2 juan, with an appendix (Buyi 補遺) of 2 fascicles. This lengthy version is the result of Sun Xingyan's 孫星衍 (1753-1818) collection of additional fragments from the encyclopaedias Beitang shuchao 北堂書鈔, Yiwen leiju 藝文類聚, Chuxueji 初學記, Tongdian 通典, Taiping yulan 太平御覽 and Taiping huanyu ji 太平寰宇記 and the commentaries to the anthology Wenxuan 文選.

漢官六種 Hanguan liuzhong
(Qing) 孫星衍 Sun Xingyan (comp.)
書名, length in juan Title Author(s)
漢官 一卷 Hanguan (Han) NN
漢官解詁 一卷
(附)漢制度 一卷
Hanguan jiegu
(app.) Han zhidu
(Han) 王隆 Wang Long; (Han) 胡廣 Hu Guang (comm.)
漢舊儀 二卷
補遺 二卷
Han jiuyi
Buyi
(Han) 衛宏 Wei Hong
(Qing) 孫星衍 Sun Xingyan (suppl.)
漢官儀 二卷 Hanguan yi (Han) 應劭 Ying Shao
漢官典職儀式選用 一卷 Hanguan dianzhi yishi xuanyong (Han) 蔡質 Cai Zhi
漢儀 一卷 Hanyi (Wu) 丁孚 Ding Fu
Source: Shanghai tushuguan (1982), Vol 1, 315-325.
Sources:
Feng Fang 馮方 (1996). "Han jiuyi 漢舊儀", in Feng Kezheng 馮克正, Fu Qingsheng 傅慶升, ed. Zhuzi baijia da cidian 諸子百家大辭典 (Chengdu: Sichuan renmin chubanshe), 316.
Li Yumin 李裕民, ed. (2005). Siku tiyao dingwu 四庫提要訂誤 (Zengdingben 增訂本) (Beijing: Zhonghua shuju), 162.
Shanghai tushuguan 上海圖書館, ed. (1982). Zhongguo congshu zonglu 中國叢書綜錄 (Shanghai: Shanghai guji chubanshe).
Wu Feng 吳楓, ed. (1987). Jianming Zhongguo guji cidian 簡明中國古籍辭典 (Changchun: Jilin wenshi chubanshe), 267.
Zhang Wenli 張文立 (2000). "Hanjiuyi 漢舊儀", in Zhonghua Qin wenhua cidian bianweihui 《中華秦文化辭典》編委會, ed. Zhonghua Qin wenhua cidian 中華秦文化辭典(Xi'an: Xibei daxue chubanshe), 641.
Zhang Xin 張欣 (2017). "Hanjiuyu zhu ji xiangguan wenti kaobian 《漢舊儀注》及相關問題考辨", Shixue shi yanjiu 史學史研究, 2017 (9).
Zhang Xin 張欣 (2019). "Hanjiuyi dahonglu, junguo erqian shi diao bai shi tiao kaobian 《漢舊儀》大鴻臚、郡國二千石調百石條考辨", Zhongguo shi yanjiu 中國家史研究, 2019 (2).
Zhang Yonglu 張永祿, ed. (1993). Handai Chang'an cidian 漢代長安詞典 (Xi'an: Shaanxi renmin chubanshe), 567.