An Encyclopaedia on Chinese History, Literature and Art

Kuichezhi 睽車志

Aug 28, 2013 © Ulrich Theobald

Kuichezhi 睽車志 "A Carriage of Alienation" is a collection of fictional stories compiled by the Song period 宋 (960-1279) scholar Guo Tuan 郭彖, courtesy name Guo Boxiang 郭伯象. He came from Hezhou 和州 (modern Hexian 和縣, Anhui) and lived during the reign of Emperor Xiaozong 宋孝宗 (r. 1162-1189), when he was appointed as prefect (zhizhou 知州) of the military prefecture of Xinggguo 興國軍. His book Kuichezhi is mentioned in the bibliography Zhizhai shulu jieti 直齋書錄解題 (with a length of 5 juan "scrolls") and the bibliographic chapter of the encyclopedia Wenxian tongkao 文獻通考 and that of the official dynastic history Songshi 宋史 (only 1 juan). The received version is arranged in 6 juan. The book covers mainly phantastic stories of a genre called zhiguai 志怪 that was very popular throughout history. The title of the book is derived from the name of the hexagram kui 睽 "Disunion, Mutual Alienation" in the Confucian Classic Yijing 易經 "Book of Changes", where it is said that "there is a carriage full of ghosts" (zai gui yi che 載鬼一車, transl. Legge). Some of the stories can be dated as having taken place between the Jianyan 建炎 (1127-1130) and the Chunxi 淳熙 (1174-1189) reigns of the Southern Song 南宋 (1127-1279), but some of them are also related to the former capital of the Northern Song 北宋 (960-1126), Bianjing 汴京 (modern Kaifeng 開封, Henan). At the end of each paragraph, a commentary is added, but it is unclear is this was authored by Guo Tuan himself, or by someone else later. In this arrangement, the Kuichezhi resembles to the book Duyang zabian 杜陽雜編 by the Tang period 唐 (618-907) writer Su E 蘇鄂.
The Kuichezhi can be found in the reprint series Siku quanshu 四庫全書, Baihai 稗海, Biji xiaoshuo daguan 筆記小書大觀, Congshu jicheng chubian 叢書集成初編, and, in a downcut version, in the Gujin shuohai 古今說海, Shuofu 說郛, Wuchao xiaoshuo 五朝小說 and Longwei mishu 龍威秘書.

Li Xueqin 李學勤, Lü Wenyu 呂文鬰 (1996). Siku da cidian 四庫大辭典, Changchun: Jilin daxue chubanshe, vol. 2, p. 2149.