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Zhizhai shulu jieti 直齋書錄解題

May 28, 2011 © Ulrich Theobald

Zhizhai shulu jieti 直齋書錄解題 "Commented library catalogue of the Zhizhai Studio" is a private bibliography written during the Southern Song period 南宋 (1127-1279) by Chen Zhensun 陳振孫 (c. 1183-1262), original name Yuan 瑗, courtesy name Boyu 伯玉, style Zhizhai 直齋, from Anji 安吉, Zhejiang.

Chen was an ardent collector of books and assembled more than 50,000 juan of writings in his library. In 20 years of collecting he wrote down a annotated catalogue of the books he owned. His catalogue was included in the Ming-period 明 (1368-1644) encyclopaedia Yongle dadian 永樂大典. Only 22 juan of the original size of of 56 juan are preserved.

In the surving parts, 3,096 books are recorded. They are arranged in the four traditional categories of Confucian Classics, histories, masters and philosophers, and belles-lettres, with 53 subcategories.

Chen Zhenxun wrote a small preface for eight of the categories, but no general preface. For each book, he provided a resume of the content, informations about the author and the various editions of the books. The term jieti 解題 "explanation to a subject" had later been used by authors of other library catalogues.

The book has also survived in parts as a Song-period print owned by the scholar Mao Jin 毛晉 (1599-1659). A copy of 20 juan once in the possession of Li Shengduo 李盛鐸 (1859-1937) is owned by the Library of the Peking University 北京大學圖書館, as well as 4 juan of a Yuan-period 元 (1279-1368) print. The Qing-period scholar Lu Wenchao 盧文弨 (1717-1795) put together surviving parts. His manuscript is owned by the Shanghai Library 上海圖書館. The Shanghai Guji Press 上海古籍出版社 published in 1987 a modern edition which is based on several different editions.

Table 1. Contents of the Zhizhai shulu jieti 直齋書錄解題
經錄 Jinglu Confucian Classics
Yi Commentaries on the Book of Changes
Shu Commentaries on the Book of Documents
Shi Commentaries on the Book of Songs
Li Commentaries on the ritual books
春秋 Chunqiu Commentaries on the Spring and Autumn Annals
孝經 Xiaojing Commentaries on the Classic of Filial Piety
語孟 Yu-Meng Commentaries on the Confucian Analects and the book Mengzi
讖緯 Chenwei Apocryphal Classics
經解 Jingjie Explanations to the Classics in general
小學 Xiaoxue Elementary learning and lexicography
史錄 Shilu Historiography
正史 Zhengshi Official dynastic histories
別史 Bieshi Alternative histories
編年 Biannian Annals and chronicles
起居注 Qijuzhu Imperial diaries
詔令 Zhaoling Imperial edicts
偽史 Weishi Histories of usupatorious states
雜史 Zashi Miscellaneous histories
典故 Diangu Statutes and rules
職官 Zhiguan State offices
禮注 Lizhu State rituals
時令 Shiling Edicts concerned with seasons
傳記 Zhuanji Biographies
法令 Faling Laws and case-related edicts
譜牒 Pudie Family registers
目錄 Mulu Bibliographies
地理 Dili Administrative geography
子錄 Zilu Masters and philosophers
儒家 Rujia Confucian treatises
道家 Daojia Daoist treatises
法家 Fajia Legalist treatises
名家 Mingjia Treatises of dialecticians
墨家 Mojia Mohist treatises
縱橫家 Zonghengjia Books on coalition advisors or diplomatists
農家 Nongjia Agricultural treatises
雜家 Zajia Miscellaneous treatises
小說家 Xiaoshuojia Novellas
釋氏 Shishi Buddhist treatises
神仙 Shenxian Stories of immortals
兵書 Bingshu Military treatises
歷象 Lixiang Treatises on the calendar
陰陽家 Yinyangjia Treatises on Yin and Yang
卜筮 Bushi Divinatory books
形法 Xingfa Geomantic books
醫書 Yishu Medical treatises
音樂 Yiyue Books on music
雜藝術 Zayishu Miscellaneous arts
類書 Leishu Encyclopaedias
集錄 Jilu Belles-lettres
楚辭 Chuci Poetry of the South
總集 Zongji Anthologies and collective belles-lettres
別集 Bieji Collected writings of individual persons
詩集 Shiji Poetry collections
歌詞 Geci Songs and arias
章奏 Zhangzou Memorials to the throne
文史 Wenshi History of literature, literary critique
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